Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Paper Mulberry - Broussonetia papyrifera   (L.) Ventenat
Members of Moraceae:
Only member of Broussonetia in NC.
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Section 6 » Order Urticales » Family Moraceae
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Author(L.) Ventenat
DistributionMostly Piedmont, Sandhills, and northern portions of the Coastal Plain. Scarce elsewhere.

Native of Asia; in N.A. MA to FL and TX, north in the Mississippi basin to IL and NE.
AbundanceUncommon to fairly common; apparently rare in the Mountains and southeastern Coastal Plain. In 1967 it was the dominant tree on a small island in the Newport River, Carteret Co., and supported a heron rookery.
HabitatWaste places, "sand hill", forest edges and openings, disturbed ground, heron rookery island, forested margin of old cemetery.
PhenologyFlowering and fruiting April-May.
IdentificationPaper Mulberry is a small tree potentially to 50 feet high, but in NC probably just half that. Leaves look quite like Morus, broadly ovate in outline and with a drip-tip, some with no lobing, some with one "thumb", some with 2 "thumbs." Leaves are densely gray-pubescent beneath, unlike Morus.
Taxonomic Comments
Other Common Name(s)
State RankSE
Global RankGNR
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US Status
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