Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Greater Celandine - Chelidonium majus   L.
Members of Papaveraceae:
Only member of Chelidonium in NC.
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Section 6 » Order Papaverales » Family Papaveraceae
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DistributionMountains only. So far known from only 3 counties. A number of collections from Forsyth County are from Salem College campus and the Reynolds Gardens.

Native of Eurasia; in N.A. mostly the northeastern and midwestern states, plus eastern Canada.
AbundanceVery rare.
Habitat"Cliff by NC 194" (Watauga Co.); embankment of abandoned road by French Broad River (Buncombe Co.); no details (Ashe Co.).
PhenologyFlowering and fruiting May-July.
IdentificationThe leaves are irregularly divided into lobes, much paler (glaucescent) beneath. The flowers are yellow, on short to long stalks, and about 3/4-inch wide. Vegetatively it is very similar to the native Celandine Poppy (Stylophorum diphyllum), which occurs as close as eastern TN and southwestern VA; see the key in Weakley et al. (2012).
Taxonomic Comments
Other Common Name(s)
State RankSE
Global RankGNR
State Status
US Status
USACE-agcpUPL link
USACE-empUPL link
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