Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Blackseed Plantain - Plantago rugelii   Decaisne
Members of Plantaginaceae:
Members of Plantago with account distribution info or public map:
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Section 6 » Order Plantaginales » Family Plantaginaceae
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DistributionStatewide, though lacking collections from several contiguous counties in the southern Coastal Plain.

This is a widespread and numerous species in the East, from eastern Canada south to northern FL and eastern TX.
AbundanceCommon statewide, except uncommon (apparently) in the far southern Coastal Plain.
HabitatAs with most other members of the genus, it is found in disturbed ground in sunny places, despite it being a native species. It grows in lawns, on roadsides, in waste lots, logging roads, trails, and in other weedy places.
PhenologyBlooms and fruits from June to frost.
IdentificationThis is the familiar broad-leaved member of the genus, as the several basal leaves ascend or spread from the plant base on petioles 1-2 inches long. The blade is widely elliptical, strongly parallel-veined, about 4 inches long and 2 inches wide. The several scapes grow to about 8 inches tall, with the spike of tiny flowers covering the upper 50-60% of the stalk. The bracts are short and thus the spike is quite narrow, usually less than 1/4-inch wide. No other native Plantago is similar, though the non-native P. major, infrequent in the state, is similar; that species has ovoid to globose capsules, about 2-4 mm long, whereas P. rugelii has capsules longer and ellipsoid in shape, about 3-6 mm long.
Taxonomic CommentsNone

Other Common Name(s)Broad-leaved Plantain, American Plantain, Rugel's Plantain
State RankS5
Global RankG5
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B.A. SorriePiedmont, roadside of Kelly Plantation Road. 25 May 2015. MoorePhoto_natural
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