Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Scarlet Pimpernel - Anagallis arvensis   L.
Members of Primulaceae:
Only member of Anagallis in NC.
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Section 6 » Order Primulales » Family Primulaceae
DistributionMostly in the central and eastern Piedmont, scarce elsewhere. Occurs west to Haywood County and east to the Outer Banks of Dare County.

Native of Europe; in N.A. nearly throughout.
AbundanceUncommon to infrequent in the Piedmont, rare in the western Coastal Plain, and very rare to absent elsewhere.
HabitatRoadsides, garden weed, fallow cropfields, lawn weed, clearing in woods, weedy woods road, interdune marsh.
PhenologyFlowering and fruiting April-October.
IdentificationScarlet Pimpernel is usually multi-stemmed and no more than 6 inches tall. The leaves are ovate and sessile. The flowers grow singly on slender stalks, the 5 petals are usually salmon to vermilion (dull orange-red) in color, but rarely can be deep blue.
Taxonomic CommentsSome molecular research placed it within Lysimachia, but a 2018 paper restored it back to Anagallis. Our species of Lysimachia all have yellow flowers, and Trientalis borealis has white flowers.

Other Common Name(s)
State RankSE
Global RankGNR
State Status
US Status
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B.A. SorrieNear Troy, NY, Aug 2014. Photo_non_NCPhoto_non_NC
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