Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Hairy Bedstraw - Galium pilosum   Aiton
Members of Rubiaceae:
Members of Galium with account distribution info or public map:
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Section 6 » Order Rubiales » Family Rubiaceae
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DistributionEssentially statewide, though scarce on the Pamlimarle Peninsula.

This is a widespread Eastern species, ranging from NH and MI, south to central FL and central TX.
AbundanceGenerally common across the state, though scarce in the eastern part of the Pamlimarle Peninsula.
HabitatThis species occurs in dry to mesic habitats, favoring open upland woods, wooded margins and openings, and along roadsides.
PhenologyBlooms from May to August, and fruits shortly after flowering.
IdentificationThis is a slender herb, erect to leaning, reaching 1.5-2 feet tall, mostly unbranched or branched at the base. The stem is usually pubescent to quite hairy, as are the leaves. The stem has numerous whorls of leaves, with 4 at each node. They are elliptical to somewhat ovate, about 3/4-inch long and 1/3-inch wide, usually with a mucronate tip. The small flowers are white (though can be somewhat purple), in branched clusters from upper leaf axils; each flower is on a long and slender pedicel. There are many other Galium species with 4 leaves per whorl, but this one has pubescent leaves and stem, small leaves that are elliptical (and not linear), and many-branched flower clusters with each flower on a stalk. G. orizabense is very similar but glabrous.
Taxonomic CommentsNone that G. orizabense has been pulled out of G. pilosum in recent years, as a separate species.

Other Common Name(s)None
State RankS5
Global RankG5
State Status
US Status
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Photo Gallery
B.A. SorrieSame data. RichmondPhoto_natural
B.A. SorrieSandhills Game Land, dry longleaf upland, Aug 2014. RichmondPhoto_natural

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