Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Fragrant Bedstraw - Galium triflorum   Michaux
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Section 6 » Order Rubiales » Family Rubiaceae
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AuthorMichaux
DistributionEssentially throughout the mountains and Piedmont; in the Coastal Plain found mainly in the northern portions, but it is scattered over much of the province except for the far eastern counties.

This is a very widespread species ranging from coast to coast across Canada and most of the US. It ranges south to the FL Panhandle though is scarce in much of the Coastal Plain region.
AbundanceFairly common to locally common in the mountains and Piedmont; infrequent in the Coastal Plain, except locally numerous in the northern portion (such as near the Roanoke River). Seemingly absent from the far eastern counties and possibly in some near the SC border.
HabitatThis is a species of shady conditions in mesic to rich forests. It also does grow in small forest openings or edges, but it mainly is a forest interior species. Weakley (2018) mentions that it usually grows on base-rich soil.
PhenologyBlooms in July and August, and fruits soon after flowering.
IdentificationThis is a mostly unbranched herb that tends to lean or other vegetation, and reaches about 2' long; the stem is glabrous or has a few hairs. This species has its leaves 6 to a whorl, each mostly elliptical and equally arranged/spaced around the stem, unlike the unequally spaced leaves in G. tinctorium. Each leaf is about 1.5" long and 1/2" wide, with a bristle tip. The flower clusters arise from leaf axils, more so on the upper part of the stem. The flowers are small and white to greenish-white. This species is normally easily identified by being the only Galium with 6 elliptical leaves in whorl.
Taxonomic CommentsNone

Other Common Name(s)Sweet-scented Bedstraw, Sweet Bedstraw
State RankS5
Global RankG5
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BA SorrieRich forest at south side Deep River, Spiderwort Slopes MoorePhoto_natural
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