Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Partridge-berry - Mitchella repens   L.
Members of Rubiaceae:
Only member of Mitchella in NC.
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Section 6 » Order Rubiales » Family Rubiaceae
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DistributionThroughout the state, though scarce (or not well-collected) in the far northeastern counties.

This is a widespread Eastern species, ranging from eastern Canada south to nearly all of FL and to eastern TX.
AbundanceCommon and widespread across the state, except rare to uncommon in the northeastern portion.
HabitatThis species occurs in a great array of forested habitats. It is most common in mixed hardwood-conifer forests, but also is found in bottomland forests, rich slopes of hardwood forests, in some pine forests, and close to wooded stream banks.
See also Habitat Account for General Forests
PhenologyBlooms from May to June, and fruits from June to July. Some fruits can remain red into the winter if not eaten by animals.
IdentificationThis is a very familiar and completely unmistakable plant. It has a creeping stem and evergreen leaves, on a stem to about 8 inches long, rooting at nodes. The small rounded leaves, about the size of a fingernail, are opposite, leathery, and dark green. The flowers are twinned, in pairs with a single united ovary. Each flower is tubular, white, about 1/2-inch long, with 4 flared lobes that are fuzzy on the inside. A single red berry forms soon after flowering at each pair of flowers. This is a species that can practically be seen on any woodland walk in most of the state.
Taxonomic CommentsNone

Other Common Name(s)None
State RankS5
Global RankG5
State Status
US Status
USACE-agcpFACU link
USACE-empFACU link
County Map - click on a county to view source of record.
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B.A. SorrieMesic-moist slopes by Big Governor's Creek, May 2015. MoorePhoto_natural

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