Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Ivyleaf Speedwell - Veronica hederifolia   L.
Members of Plantaginaceae:
Members of Veronica with account distribution info or public map:
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Section 6 » Order Scrophulariales » Family Plantaginaceae
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DistributionMostly in the Piedmont; also the inner Coastal Plain and in the Mountains. First collected in 1896 at the Biltmore Estate, Buncombe County.

Native of Europe; in N.A. CT to Ont. and SD, south to FL, LA, and OK; also B.C. to CA and UT.
AbundanceFrequent to locally common in the Piedmont and along brownwater floodplains in the upper Coastal Plain; rare elsewhere.
HabitatFloodplain forests, creek and river banks, campus lawns, yard weed, NC Welcome Center (Cleveland Co.), town park, vineyard, field, waste ground. This can be a troublesome weed in many floodplain forests, especially rich ones with a diverse herb layer, as it often competes with species such as Nemophila aphylla, Corydalis flavula, Enemion biternatum, and other very small native spring ephemerals.
PhenologyFlowering and fruiting February-June.
IdentificationIvyleaf Speedwell's leaves are not particularly more ivy-like than some others of our speedwells. Among our annual species with terminal racemes, this one has relatively long flower stalks (pedicels). See Weakley's (2018) key to separate it from V. agrestis, V. persica, and V. polita, though those species do not typically invade the interior of floodplain forests. This species typically has 5-7 lobes on each leaf, a very wide and rounded central one, with 2-3 much smaller lobes on each side.
Taxonomic CommentsSpelled as V. hederaefolia in RAB (1968).

Other Common Name(s)
State RankSE
Global RankGNR
State Status
US Status
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B.A. SorrieSame data. MoorePhoto_non_natural
B.A. SorrieNear NC 22, S side High Falls bridge, April 2017. MoorePhoto_non_natural

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