Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Bittersweet Nightshade - Solanum dulcamara   L.
Members of Solanaceae:
Members of Solanum with account distribution info or public map:
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Section 6 » Order Solanales » Family Solanaceae
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DistributionMountains only. First collected in the 1890s by William Willard Ashe in Ashe County. Most recently, Wes Knapp found plants growing directly with Sagittaria fasciculata, and thus may be a threat to that population of rare plant.

Native of Europe; in N.A. throughout most of Canada and the U.S., except for an area from LA to OK and TX.
AbundanceInfrequent to locally fairly common; some populations may contain numerous plants, as at East Flat Rock Bog in 2023.
HabitatFields, fencerows, yard weed, roadside waste places, public greenway, shallow water in montane bog.
PhenologyFlowering and fruiting May-October.
IdentificationBittersweet Nightshade is a clambering vine with ovate leaves that have 0-2 narrow basal lobes. The flowers grow in groups of 7-14, mostly hanging downward, the petals violet, the anthers bright yellow. The berries are shiny and red.
Taxonomic Comments
Other Common Name(s)
State RankSE
Global RankGNR
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US Status
USACE-agcpFAC link
USACE-empFAC link
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Wes KnappEast Flat Rock Bog, May 2023. HendersonPhoto_non_natural
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