Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for European Cornsalad - Valerianella locusta   (L.) Laterrade
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Section 6 » Order Dipsacales » Family Valerianaceae
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Author(L.) Laterrade
DistributionMostly in the Piedmont, scattered in the Coastal Plain, rare in the Mountains. First collected in 1922 in Orange County and 1924 in Guilford County.

Native to Europe; in N.A. ME to Ont. south to GA and TX; also Pacific states and northern Rocky Mountain states.
AbundanceInfrequent to frequent in the Piedmont, rare to uncommon in the Coastal Plain, rare in the Mountains.
HabitatMoist to mesic soils of floodplains, bottomlands, marl forest (Pender Co.), shores of impoundments, streambanks, fields, cropfields, campus weed.
PhenologyFlowering and fruiting late March-June.
IdentificationEuropean Cornsalad has small pale blue or bluish flowers, smaller than our white-flowered native species. The plants usually are shorter, typically just 4-12 inches tall, as opposed to 8-24 inches tall in the 2 native species.
Taxonomic CommentsWeakley (2020) places Valerianella and Valeriana into family Valerianaceae, but without taxonomnic justification. The papers he cites are a mixed bag without concensus. We will await further developments.
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State RankSE
Global RankG5
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