Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for European Field Pansy - Viola arvensis   Murray
Members of Viola with account distribution info or public map:
Google Images
Section 6 » Order Violales » Family Violaceae
Show/Hide Synonym
AuthorMurray
DistributionFound across most of the state, but scarce in the outer Coastal Plain.

Native of Eurasia and north Africa; in N.A. from Greenland to B.C., south to GA, MS, LA, UT, CA.
AbundanceFairly common to locally common in the Piedmont and inner Coastal Plain, rare to uncommon in the Mountains, rare in the outer Coastal Plain.
HabitatRoadsides, lawn weed, garden weed, fields.
PhenologyFlowering March-May.
IdentificationEuropean Field Pansy belongs to a large group of violets that have leaves and flowers on the same stem. The relatively small flowers and overall short gestalt of the plant will remind folks of our native American Field Pansy (V. bicolor), which also grows mostly in full sun of fields and roadsides. However, in this case the flowers are cream color with a bright yellow patch on the lower petal.
Taxonomic CommentsGeneral note on Viola: In 2009-10 B.A. Sorrie (website map editor) went through the whole collection at NCU, annotating all specimens against those verified by experts in the genus. The range maps in RAB (1968) have been changed accordingly. More recently, H. Ballard and students are in the process of revising all Southeastern Viola, and they will recognize more species than are listed on this website, which follows Weakley (2018).
Other Common Name(s)
State RankSE
Global RankGNR
State Status
US Status
County Map - click on a county to view source of record.
Select a source
AllHerbaria
Select an occurrence type
AllCollection_non_natural