Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Florida Torreya - Torreya taxifolia   Arnott
Members of Cephalotaxaceae:
Only member of Torreya in NC.
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Section 3 » Family Cephalotaxaceae
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AuthorArnott
DistributionBarely countable as an established alien in NC, but the stories are interesting. Warren County: Poplar Mount Farm, single large old tree which produces viable seeds and seedlings. A gift from President Buchanan to Weldon Edwards, the plant originated from England. Specimens collected 1939 and 1975, with photos. Macon County: Harbison estate, plants reproducing mostly from root sprouts, specimens collected 1934-89.

Native to a small area of northwestern FL and southwestern GA.
AbundanceFederally Endangered. Recognized early on (1830s) that it was very rare and special.
Habitat
Phenology
IdentificationTorreya is a small to medium evergreen tree, with distinctively flat arrangements of needles; that is, the needles on each side of the twig are in the same flat plane. This condition is also known by the term "two-ranked." These needles are very sharp! Cones, such as they are, grow at twig tips.
Taxonomic Comments
Other Common Name(s)
State RankSE
Global RankG1
State Status
US Status
USACE-agcp
USACE-emp
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B.A. SorrieTorreya State Park, FL, 1990s. Photo_non_NCPhoto_non_NC

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