Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Bunched Arrowhead - Sagittaria fasciculata   E.O. Beal
Members of Sagittaria with account distribution info or public map:
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Section 5 » Order Alismatales » Family Alismataceae
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AuthorE.O. Beal
DistributionLimited only to a small area of the southern mountains, found only in Henderson and (rarely) Buncombe counties.

This is a very narrow endemic species, found only in Greenville Co., SC, and the two NC counties listed above.

AbundanceVery rare in Henderson County, and presumed extirpated from Buncombe County. This is one of NC's few Federally Endangered species, and it also carries a State Endangered status (by state rule).
HabitatThe species is limited to bogs and semi-shaded swampy ground. It does occur in ditches and a few other man-influenced habitats, including wet scrapes.
See also Habitat Account for Montane Herbaceous Peatlands
PhenologyBlooms from May into July, and fruits shortly after flowering.
IdentificationThis endangered species resembles several other Sagittaria species in its leaves. The several leaves are mostly narrowly elliptic to spathulate (somewhat wider above the middle), growing to about 1' tall but only 1-2" wide; it does have a short wedge-shaped petiole that merges into the blade. The flowering scape grows to 1-1.5' tall, with flowers clustered at 2-4 nodes along this stem. Each flower is about 1" wide, with three white petals. It should not be confusable with any other Sagittaria species in its limited sunny to partly sunny wetland habitats in Henderson County.
Taxonomic CommentsNone

Other Common Name(s)None
State RankS1
Global RankG2
State StatusE
US StatusLE
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