Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Long's Sedge - Carex longii   Mackenzie
Members of Cyperaceae:
Members of Carex with account distribution info or public map:
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Section 5 » Order Cyperales » Family Cyperaceae
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DistributionMostly Coastal Plain, Sandhills, and Outer Banks and barrier islands; scattered in the Piedmont and Mountains.

N.S. to WI south to FL and TX.
AbundanceCommon across the Coastal Plain; uncommon across the Mountains and nearly all of the Piedmont, seemingly almost rare in parts of the Piedmont. Long's Sedge often forms fairly dense groups or patches.
HabitatA wide variety of wet or seasonally wet woodlands, forest openings, roadside ditches, beaver ponds, and impoundments.
PhenologyFlowering and fruiting May-August.
IdentificationCarex longii has been split off from C. albolutescens, where it was lumped for many decades. In C. longii the style base is straight (vs. sinuous) and female scales are obtuse (vs. acute). Both are in section Ovales, and so require care in identification.
Taxonomic CommentsNone, though see Identification.

The genus Carex is the largest in North America, and among the largest in the world. In temperate and boreal regions, Carex is often the dominant or co-dominant ground layer in many habitats. Seeds (achenes) are valuable food for birds and small mammals, while foliage is used by birds and mammals to make nests and as food by mammals. Species of Carex often look vastly different from one another -- spikes erect vs. drooping, tiny inflorescence vs. whopping, culms leafy vs. naked, perigynia beaked vs. beakless, stems densely bunched vs. single, etc. The genus has been divided into many sections (or groups), based on shared characters; some taxonomists have suggested that these be different genera, but that proves unworkable (so far). All Carex share the feature of a perigynium (an outer covering) which completely surrounds the achene (seed). This covering may fit tightly or loosely (like a small bladder), depending on which group or species. Details of perigynia shape, ornamentation, presence and size of beak, number of striations (or veins) are all important ID features. In recent years Rob Naczi and colleagues have stressed the importance of arrangement of perigynia -- whether spiral (3+ ranks) or distichous (2-ranked) -- and have named a number of new species as well as split off some older synonyms. Therefore, RAB's (1968) key, excellent for its time, can only be used in a general way today. Members of some sections of Carex are difficult to key out (notably Ovales, Laxiflorae, Griseae); this is in part due to variation among individuals of a species, or failings of the key. FNA has drawings of most species and some species may be found in two or more places within a key, to acount for variability. New species to NC, and new to science(!), continue to be found in NC.
Other Common Name(s)None
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Photo Gallery
B.A. SorrieFort Macon SP, marshy place, May 2018; immature. CarteretBIPhoto_natural
B.A. SorrieBoggy Margin New Lake Fork, W of NC 94, June 2013.
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