Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Radford's Sedge - Carex radfordii   L.L. Gaddy
Members of Cyperaceae:
Members of Carex with account distribution info or public map:
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Section 5 » Order Cyperales » Family Cyperaceae
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AuthorL.L. Gaddy
DistributionSouthern Mountains only, in the region of Escarpment Gorges -- Polk County west to Jackson County.

Endemic to southwestern NC, western SC, and northeastern GA.
AbundanceRare to locally uncommon, though a few sites have a good to excellent population (according to the NCNHP database). This is a State Threatened species, with a State Rank of S1.
HabitatMoist, nutrient-rich cove forests, mainly in humid gorges and ravines, over calcareous or mafic rocks.
See also Habitat Account for Rich Montane Hardwood Forests
PhenologyFlowering and fruiting May-June.
IdentificationRadford's Sedge differs from C. manhartii and C. purpurifera by its pale brown basal leaf sheaths and stem (vs. red or red-purple). Differs from C. laxiflora and C. striatula by its shorter bract blades (5-8 cm long vs. 6.5-15 cm long).
Taxonomic CommentsDescribed as a new species in 1995.

The genus Carex is the largest in North America, and among the largest in the world. In temperate and boreal regions, Carex is often the dominant or co-dominant ground layer in many habitats. Seeds (achenes) are valuable food for birds and small mammals, while foliage is used by birds and mammals to make nests and as food by mammals. Species of Carex often look vastly different from one another -- spikes erect vs. drooping, tiny inflorescence vs. whopping, culms leafy vs. naked, perigynia beaked vs. beakless, stems densely bunched vs. single, etc. The genus has been divided into many sections (or groups), based on shared characters; some taxonomists have suggested that these be different genera, but that proves unworkable (so far). All Carex share the feature of a perigynium (an outer covering) which completely surrounds the achene (seed). This covering may fit tightly or loosely (like a small bladder), depending on which group or species. Details of perigynia shape, ornamentation, presence and size of beak, number of striations (or veins) are all important ID features. In recent years Rob Naczi and colleagues have stressed the importance of arrangement of perigynia -- whether spiral (3+ ranks) or distichous (2-ranked) -- and have named a number of new species as well as split off some older synonyms. Therefore, RAB's (1968) key, excellent for its time, can only be used in a general way today. Members of some sections of Carex are difficult to key out (notably Ovales, Laxiflorae, Griseae); this is in part due to variation among individuals of a species, or failings of the key. FNA has drawings of most species and some species may be found in two or more places within a key, to acount for variability. New species to NC, and new to science(!), continue to be found in NC.
Other Common Name(s)None
State RankS1
Global RankG3
State StatusT
US Status
USACE-agcp
USACE-emp
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