Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Hedgehog Woodrush - Luzula echinata   (Small) F.J. Hermann
Members of Juncaceae:
Members of Luzula with account distribution info or public map:
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Section 5 » Order Juncales » Family Juncaceae
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Author(Small) F.J. Hermann
DistributionThroughout the state, except scarce on outer Coastal Plain. Possibly truly absent in a few far eastern counties.

MA to PA and IA, south to northern FL and eastern TX.
AbundanceFrequent to common in the Mountains and Piedmont and inner Coastal Plain; scarce on the outer Coastal Plain.
HabitatMoist streambanks (mostly brownwater and usually with mosses), mesic woodlands and forests, rocky slopes, old woods roads, roadsides.
PhenologyFlowering and fruiting late March-July. The white stamens attract attention.
IdentificationHedgehog Woodrush rarely exceeds a foot tall. Like L. bulbosa and L. multiflora, most leaves are basal and near-basal and wispy-hairy, and the inflorescence has mostly short branches. Each head contains 8-16 flowers and is as long as wide, occasionally a bit longer than wide. Bulbous Woodrush (L. bulbosa) and Common Woodrush (L. multiflora) have strongly ascending or erect branches (vs. often spreading on longer branches in Hedgehog Woodrush) and heads are longer than wide.
Taxonomic CommentsNone

Other Common Name(s)Spreading Woodrush
State RankS5
Global RankG5
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