Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Florida Mudmidget - Wolffiella gladiata   (Hegelmaier) Hegelmaier
Members of Araceae:
Only member of Wolffiella in NC.
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Section 5 » Order Arales » Family Araceae
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Author(Hegelmaier) Hegelmaier
DistributionThroughout the Coastal Plain, barely reaching the eastern Piedmont.

This is a mainly Coastal Plain species, with a split range. It occurs along the Coastal Plains from MA south to southern FL and west to central TX. It also ranges west of the Appalachians and Cumberlands from northwestern PA and IL south to TX.
AbundanceInfrequent to at least locally fairly common in the Coastal Plain, but as it is tiny, it is either overlooked or most botanists simply do not bother to collect it and other duckweeds and watermeals. The website editors feel that a State Rank of S4 is appropriate.
HabitatAs with watermeals and duckweeds, it occurs only on still or very slow moving water of pools, ponds, lakes, and swamps.
PhenologyFlowers and fruits from April to June; however, flowering is rarely seen.
IdentificationThis is a tiny floating species, with the fronds being quite narrow and falcate shaped, about 1/3-inch long but only about 1/20-inch wide. The plants lack roots, as do the Wolffia species. The plants often are attached together into a tangled, "stringy" mass. All other similar floating species -- genera Lemna, Spirodela, and Wolffia, have rounded to elliptical fronds.
Taxonomic CommentsThe species was named as Wolffiella floridana in older references.

Other Common Name(s)Sword Bogmat
State RankS3? [S4]
Global RankG5
State Status
US Status
USACE-agcpOBL link
USACE-empOBL link
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