Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Yellow Sunnybell - Schoenolirion croceum   (Michaux) A. Wood
Members of Agavaceae:
Only member of Schoenolirion in NC.
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Section 5 » Order Liliales » Family Agavaceae
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Author(Michaux) A. Wood
DistributionWeakley (2018) states: "The occurrence in NC in 'wet pinelands' in Richmond County referred to in RAB [1968] has not been relocated or further documented." Despite this statement, there is a verified specimen from "damp pine barrens, Hamlet", no date, C.S. Williamson s.n. (PH). Williamson collected Amorpha georgiana in Hamlet on 20 May 1895, a date compatible with flowering of Sunnybell. This specimen, however, has not been seen or examined by any recent NC botanists for verification of identification or location.

Southwestern SC to north-central GA and northeastern FL; central AL to central TN; southwestern LA - eastern TX. Disjunct to south-central NC.
AbundanceNo data on the specimen. Long, long historical -- if it truly ever occurred in NC. But as the species perhaps still occurs in SC, it is best not to consider it as Extirpated (SX). It is a Watch List species; the NC NHP has recently (2022) moved the State Rank to SU (Undetermined), though both SR (Reported but not fully documented) or SH (Historical) could also be used!
HabitatYellow Sunnybell inhabits two major habitat types: granitic flatrocks in seasonally wet pools, rivulets, and moss patches; and Longleaf Pine savannas. It also occurs in calcareous glades in northern AL - central TN.
PhenologyOver most of its range it blooms in April and May, and fruits in May and June.
IdentificationThis lily is unmistakable when flowering, with its raceme of bright yellow, 6-parted flowers and slender, grass-like leaves.
Taxonomic CommentsNone

Other Common Name(s)Sunnybells
State RankSU
Global RankG4
State StatusW3
US Status
USACE-agcpOBL link
USACE-empOBL link
County Map - click on a county to view source of record.
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B.A. SorriePhoto from a granitic flatrock in piedmont of Georgia. RichmondPhoto_natural
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