Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Carolina Foxtail - Alopecurus carolinianus   Walter
Members of Poaceae:
Members of Alopecurus with account distribution info or public map:
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Section 5 » Order Cyperales » Family Poaceae
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AuthorWalter
DistributionCoastal Plain and Piedmont; disjunct in the southwestern Mountains.

MA to B.C., south to northern FL and CA. Primarily in the Mississippi River basin.
AbundanceFrequent in the Coastal Plain and the eastern half of the Piedmont; rare and local in the Mountains. Very rare to absent in most of the northern Mountains and northwestern half of the Piedmont. The website editors suggest a State Rank of S5.
HabitatMoist woodlands, meadows, fields, ditches. Usually in damp ground.
See also Habitat Account for General Wet Grasslands
PhenologyFlowering and fruiting April-July.
IdentificationThe genus Alopecurus can usually be recognized by its narrowly cylindrical, terminal inflorescences with tightly packed florets. Superficially, our species resemble the non-native Timothy (Phleum pratense), but they have narrower and paler inflorescences. This species and A. myosuroides (also not native) are annual, but A. carolinianus has shorter glumes than that species (2-3.2 mm long vs. 4-6 mm long).
Taxonomic CommentsThe type locality is in South Carolina, discovered by Thomas Walter prior to 1788.

Other Common Name(s)Carolina Meadow-foxtail, Annual Foxtail
State RankS4 [S5]
Global RankG5
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