Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Sweet Vernal-grass - Anthoxanthum odoratum   L.
Members of Poaceae:
Members of Anthoxanthum with account distribution info or public map:
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Section 5 » Order Cyperales » Family Poaceae
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DistributionThroughout most of the state, with minor gaps; but absent in the Sandhills.

Native to Europe; in N.A. Newf. to southern Ont., south to northern GA and northern AL. Also on the West Coast.
AbundanceFrequent to common.
HabitatRoadsides, lawns, campuses, disturbed soils.
PhenologyFlowering and fruiting April-June.
IdentificationSweet Vernal-grass grows to about 1.5-2.5 feet tall. The inflorescence is cylindrical in outline, with tight branches. From the native Hierochloe hirta it differs in its glumes of unequal length (vs. definitely equal), and inflorescence shape. A. aristatum differs in being annual (vs. perennial) and having short ligules (0.5-2 mm long vs. 2-3 mm long in that species).
Taxonomic Comments
Other Common Name(s)
State RankSE
Global RankGNR
State Status
US Status
USACE-agcpFACU link
USACE-empFACU link
County Map - click on a county to view source of record.
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B.A. SorrieRoadside, Niagara-Carthage Road, Whispering Pines, April 2015. MoorePhoto_non_natural

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