Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Texas Signal-grass - Urochloa texana   (Buckley) R.D. Webster
Members of Urochloa with account distribution info or public map:
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Section 5 » Order Cyperales » Family Poaceae
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Author(Buckley) R.D. Webster
DistributionSo far, recorded from Brunswick, Johnston, and Orange counties. Expected elsewhere. First collected in Brunswick County in 1931.

Native to the south-central and southwestern U.S. and northern Mexico. Occurs eastward to FL, GA, SC, and NC, and recently in MD and DE.
AbundanceApparently rare, but perhaps overlooked.
HabitatWeed in cropfields (cotton, corn).
PhenologyFlowering and fruiting August-October.
IdentificationTexas Signal-grass has paired spikelets on each side of the rachis, and they are 4.8-6 mm long (vs. 4.2 mm or less in U. ramosa).
Taxonomic CommentsSpecies in the genus Urochloa have in the past been placed in Brachiaria and Panicum.
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