Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Sweet Woodreed - Cinna arundinacea   L.
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Section 5 » Order Cyperales » Family Poaceae
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AuthorL.
DistributionThroughout the state, including the northern Outer Banks.

N.B. and MN south to GA and TX.
AbundanceFairly common to common, although scarce in the Sandhills proper. Not numerous in the higher mountains and in parts of the Coastal Plain.
HabitatWet to irregularly inundated bottomland forests, floodplain forests, streamsides, tidal freshwater marshes. This is one of the more common and widespread grasses of wet bottomland forests across the state.
PhenologyFlowering and fruiting July-October.
IdentificationThis grass typically grows in populations of scattered individuals. The stems grow 2-4 feet tall, with a terminal inflorescence from 6 inches to 1.5 feet long and composed of a series of well-spaced, gray-green or whitish whorls. Sometimes the whorls are all swept to one side of the stem and arched. C. latifolia occurs only in the Mountains and differs by a more open inflorescence with fewer whorls, and it has smaller spikelets (usually 2.5-4 mm long vs. 4.5-6 mm long in C. arundinacea).
Taxonomic CommentsNone

Other Common Name(s)Stout Woodreed, Woodreed Grass
State RankS5
Global RankG5
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