Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Seashore Saltgrass - Distichlis spicata   (L.) Greene
Members of Poaceae:
Only member of Distichlis in NC.
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Section 5 » Order Cyperales » Family Poaceae
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Author(L.) Greene
DistributionOuter Coastal Plain, Outer Banks, and other barrier islands.

Maritime, N.S. south to South America; inland in hypersaline soils.
AbundanceCommon, forming patches via horizontal rhizomes.
HabitatSalty to brackish and fresh-tidal marshes, often at upper margins or in "bald spots".
See also Habitat Account for Salt and Brackish Marshes
PhenologyFlowering and fruiting June-October.
IdentificationThis is a very easy grass to identify. The genus name comes from the two-ranked leaves (visible when looking downward from the top). The stem grows potentially to 1.5 feet tall, but usually is a foot or less. The inflorescence is unbranched, consisting of strongly ascending spikelets, each with 3-10 florets.
Taxonomic CommentsNone

Other Common Name(s)Spike Grass, Coastal Saltgrass, Inland Saltgrass, Desert Saltgrass. Often just named as Salt Grass.
State RankS4
Global RankG5
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