Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Centipede Grass - Eremochloa ophiuroides   (Munro) Hackel
Members of Poaceae:
Only member of Eremochloa in NC.
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Section 5 » Order Cyperales » Family Poaceae
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Author(Munro) Hackel
DistributionMostly the Coastal Plain and Sandhills; rare westward. Expected in other counties. Specimens from Orange County were of planted material at the Soil Conservation Service nursery, Chapel Hill, in 1941. The light pink counties from Wake County and eastward are all from a single trip on US 64.

Native in Asia; in N.A. southeastern VA-TN-AR south to FL and TX.
AbundanceCommon as a roadside plant, some or possibly most populations may have been originally planted with seed mixes. Alternatively, many populations may be adventive/escapes from lawn plantings. Since 1990 it appears to be rapidly spreading.
HabitatRoadsides and median strips, lawns, campuses; almost always where mown. This species was introduced to NC as a lawn grass in the 1930s-40s.
PhenologyFlowering and fruiting August-October (November).
IdentificationThe main stems of Centipede Grass creep along the ground and root at many nodes; these stems may reach 2-4 feet long and are branched so that plants form patches or mats. Erect, narrow, flowering stems grow less than a foot tall, terminated by a skinny inflorescence that is red-tinged or chestnut color.
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State RankSE
Global RankGNR
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