Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Reed Canary-grass - Phalaris arundinacea   L.
Members of Poaceae:
Members of Phalaris with account distribution info or public map:
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Section 5 » Order Cyperales » Family Poaceae
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DistributionMountains and northern Piedmont only. The record from Durham County is from a "sewage pipeline on campus"; the website editors map this as Provenance Uncertain. A record from Orange County is from a nursery and is thus not mapped.

Circumtemperate, in N.A. from Newf. to AK and south to NC, AR, NM, and CA; Mex.
AbundanceFrequent in the Mountains; rare in the northwestern Piedmont. It may form dense patches. This species is considered as S4 by the NCNHP, but the website editors feel that S3 is probably a better rank.
HabitatMarshes, river meadows and margins, seeps and springs in forests, fens.
PhenologyFlowering and fruiting May-July.
IdentificationReed Canary-grass is a robust perennial from tough, horizontal rhizomes. Stems usually grow 3-6 feet tall, with a terminal inflorescence a foot long and with short branches. The inflorescence begins a pale gray-green color, eventually turning tawny.
Taxonomic CommentsNone

Other Common Name(s)None
State RankS4 [S3]
Global RankG5
State Status
US Status
USACE-agcpOBL link
USACE-empFACW link
County Map - click on a county to view source of record.
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B.A. SorrieRainbow Springs seepage bog, June 2021. MaconPhoto_natural
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