Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Foxtail Millet - Setaria italica   (L.) Beauois
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Section 5 » Order Cyperales » Family Poaceae
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Author(L.) Beauois
DistributionScattered in the Piedmont and Mountains. It is unsure whether the Alleghany County record is from escaped plants or planted ones.

Native of Eurasia; in N.A. throughout much of the U.S. and southern Canada.
AbundanceUncommon, perhaps rare.
HabitatRoadsides, fields, clearings, disturbed ground. Planted for roadside stabilization and escaped locally.
PhenologyFlowering and fruiting July-September.
IdentificationFoxtail Millet is robust, up to 3 feet tall, with thick stems and broad leaves. Inflorescences are thick and beset with brown hairs, unlike the green ones of Japanese Bristlegrass (S. faberi).
Taxonomic CommentsThe inflorescences of bristlegrasses look like bottlebrushes, due to the numerous bristles that stick out sideways or that angle upward. Two of our 3 native species are annuals; S. parviflora is perennial. When using keys, make sure to have mature fruiting plants and a dissecting scope to see such features as the surface texture on lemmas, number of bristles per spikelet, etc.
Other Common Name(s)Italian Foxtail.
State RankSE
Global RankGNR
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US Status
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