Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Browntop Millet - Urochloa ramosa   (L.) T.Q. Nguyen
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Section 5 » Order Cyperales » Family Poaceae
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Author(L.) T.Q. Nguyen
DistributionMostly the lower Piedmont and Sandhills; scattered elsewhere. Planted for roadside erosion control and expected elsewhere.

Native of tropical Africa and Asia; in N.A. VA to southern IL and OK, south to FL and TX.
AbundanceUncommon to infrequent.
HabitatWeed in crop fields (mostly corn), roadsides, fields, weed in campus plantings, waste ground.
PhenologyFlowering and fruiting July-October.
IdentificationBrowntop Millet is annual, with spreading stems that usually root at nodes. The flowering stems (culms) turn rather erect and produce a terminal inflorescence. Inflorescence branches are slender, and look superficially like those of Paspalum, in that the spikelets grow in pairs along each side of the rachis. However, the shape of the spikelets is ovate and pointed, not hemispherical and blunt. It looks similar to U. platyphylla, but that species has spikelets arranged singly on each side of the rachis.
Taxonomic CommentsSpecies in the genus Urochloa have in the past been placed in Brachiaria and Panicum.
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State RankSE
Global RankGNR
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