Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Common Flowering-quince - Chaenomeles speciosa   (Sweet) Nakai
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Section 6 » Order Rosales » Family Rosaceae
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Author(Sweet) Nakai
DistributionCollections were made in 1988 (Buncombe County) and in 2004 (Cherokee County) by Dan Pittillo; both were waifs. Specimens from Craven, Jackson, Johnston, Orange, and Wake counties are all from cultivated plants.

Native of China; in N.A. MA to WI, south to AL and LA; OR.
AbundanceVery rare. Barely escaping cultivation.
HabitatRoadside, stream terrace; in both cases not far from cultivated plants.
PhenologyFlowering January-April.
IdentificationChinese Flowering-quince grows to 3 feet tall, the recent branches purplish brown. Leaves are elliptical, 2-4 inches long, the margins serrate. There is a kidney-shaped stipule at the axil of some leaves. The flowers are 1-2 inches in diameter, scarlet. C. japonica has crenate-serrate leaf margins and scabrous branches (vs. smooth branches in this species).
Taxonomic CommentsA synonym is Cydonia speciosa.

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State RankSE
Global RankGNR
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