Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Winter-creeper - Euonymus fortunei   (Turczaninow) Handel-Mazzetti
Members of Celastraceae:
Members of Euonymus with account distribution info or public map:
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Section 6 » Order Celastrales » Family Celastraceae
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Author(Turczaninow) Handel-Mazzetti
DistributionScattered across the Mountains and Piedmont. Surely there are other populations out there.

Native of eastern Asia; in N.A. MA to Ont. and MI, south to GA and TX.
AbundanceRare, as far as is known.
HabitatDisturbed woods along creeks and rivers, floodplain forests, wooded slopes, campus woods.
PhenologyFlowering May-June; fruiting October-December.
IdentificationWinter-creeper is an evergreen climber, or may spread on the ground (or both at once). Leaves are ovate, mostly 2 inches long or so (but twice that in some horticultural forms), margins bluntly crenate, upper surface often mottled with paler green or just the veins pale. Flowers are only 3-4 mm long, white to greenish.
Taxonomic CommentsOur plants are var. radicans, sometime treated as a full species.

Other Common Name(s)
State RankSE
Global RankGNR
State Status
US Status
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Maria DunlaveyRich boulderfield forest, Graham Co., 2022. GrahamPhoto_non_natural
B.A. SorrieNew Hope Bottomlands south of 15-501, Durham County, 2 Sept 2021. DurhamOther_non_natural
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