Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for English Violet - Viola odorata   L.
Members of Violaceae:
Members of Viola with account distribution info or public map:
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Section 6 » Order Violales » Family Violaceae
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DistributionOnly in the Piedmont, so far as is known. Cultivated more widely and expected to escape elsewhere.

Native of Eurasia; in N.A. -- N.S. to Ont., south to NC and IL; also B.C. to CA and UT.
AbundanceVery rare.
HabitatLawn weed, campus roadside, roadside at brook.
PhenologyFlowering March-April.
IdentificationEnglish Violet was formerly widely cultivated, but is escapes only locally. It belongs to a large group of violets that have flowers and leaves on separate stems or stalks. Plants grow from thick rootstalks, from which it sends out stolons that take root and form rosettes of new leaves. Leaves are broadly ovate to orbiculate and cordate-based. Flowers vary from white to blue-violet, are fragrant, and have a long spur from the lowest petal.
Taxonomic CommentsGeneral note on Viola: In 2009-10 B.A. Sorrie (website map editor) went through the whole collection at NCU, annotating all specimens against those verified by experts in the genus. The range maps in RAB (1968) have been changed accordingly. More recently, H. Ballard and students are in the process of revising all Southeastern Viola, and they will recognize additional species; we will follow updated editions of Weakley in recognizing them.
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State RankSE
Global RankGNR
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