Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Erect Hedge-parsley - Torilis japonica   (Houttuyn) de Candolle
Members of Torilis with account distribution info or public map:
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Section 6 » Family Apiaceae
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Author(Houttuyn) de Candolle
DistributionOnly one specimen is correctly identified: Watauga County, Appalachian State Univ., Environmental Studies Area, 25 July 1999, Moore 39 (BOON); annotated by M. Denslow in 2013. Other specimens at SERNEC are actually S. arvensis.

Native of Eurasia; in N.A. MA to Ont. south to NC, MO, and TX. Also WA to CA.
AbundanceVery rare.
HabitatNot stated; apparently a campus weed.
PhenologyFlowering and fruiting June-July.
IdentificationMembers of Torilis all have hooked prickles on the fruits. In T. arvensis and T. japonica, the umbel rays are well-developed (vs. poorly developed and giving the umbel a compact, head-like look in T. nodosa). T. japonica differs from T. arvensis mainly by possessing more than 2 involucral bracts (vs. none or one), broader ultimate leaf segments, and smaller fruits.
Taxonomic CommentsThis species has in the past been confused with T. arvensis.

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Global RankGNR
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