Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Maritime Saw Greenbrier - Smilax bona-nox var. littoralis   Coker ex Sorrie
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Section 5 » Order Liliales » Family Smilacaceae
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AuthorCoker ex Sorrie
DistributionNearly restricted to the Outer Banks and barrier islands; also known from coastal areas of Craven and Pamlico counties.

Maritime, southeastern VA (Northampton County) to central FL (where it also occurs inland).
AbundanceFrequent to common, often occurring with or near S. auriculata.
HabitatStable dunes, dune barrens, maritime shrub thickets, maritime woods.
See also Habitat Account for Live Oak Forests and Maritime Scrub Thickets
Phenology
IdentificationCompared with var. bona-nox, it is not a high-climber and tends to scramble over the ground or on shrubs. The lower portions of stems lack the grainy or scurfy surface and underground tubers have lots of tiny bumps but few spines. Leaves are as in the nominate variety.
Taxonomic CommentsFor a discussion and key, see Sorrie (2014).

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