Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Brazilian Cat's-ear - Hypochaeris chillensis   (Kunth) Britton
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Author(Kunth) Britton
DistributionCoastal Plain and eastern edge of the Piedmont only, so far as is known. Expected in additional counties. First collected in 1957 by a railroad in Princeton, Johnston County. Then, collected in Sampson County in 2005, Duplin County in 2010, Carteret County in 2011, and Anson County in 2023. A.J. Bullard has also seen it in Wayne County.

Native of South America; in N.A. NC to FL and TX.
AbundanceUncommon at the present time, but apparently spreading. In 2003, Bullard said it was common in Duplin, Sampson, and Wayne counties (fide Weakley 2018).
HabitatDry roadsides, railroad margins, margin of woods at rest area.
PhenologyFlowering and fruiting April-July.
IdentificationBrazilian Cat's-ear differs from our other 2 Hypochaeris species in having well-developed leaves on the lower portion of the stem as well as at the base. It also has much smaller leaves up the stem. In contrast, our other 2 species have only basal rosettes plus very small bract-like leaves up the stem, such that the flowers seem to be on naked stems.
Taxonomic CommentsA synonym is H. brasiliensis. RAB (1968) misapplied the name H. elata to it.

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State RankSE *
Global RankG5
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