Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Bog Goldenrod - Solidago uliginosa   Nuttall
Members of Asteraceae:
Members of Solidago with account distribution info or public map:
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Section 6 » Order Asterales » Family Asteraceae
AuthorNuttall
DistributionMountains only. Records from Clay, Madison, Transylvania, and Watauga counties need vetting -- though the habitat descriptions (in the NCNHP database) for the populations in Clay, Transylvania (3), and Watauga (2) counties are for bogs and other wetlands and thus seem legitimate observations. Specimens from Burke and Haywood counties need an ID check.

Newf. to Man., south to NC and TN.
AbundanceRare, and with localized populations in small habitats. The NCNHP database lists 14 records, but only half are extant. Though reported from 11 counties, it barely qualifies now for a State Rank of S1S2 as assigned by the NCNHP; it is close to S1 now. It is a Significantly Rare species.
HabitatBogs, wet meadows, swampy places, and montane seepage bogs -- usually with sphagnum moss. Also occurs at the fen atop Bluff Mountain (Ashe County).
See also Habitat Account for Montane Wet Meadows
PhenologyFlowering and fruiting August-October.
IdentificationBog Goldenrod is one of the relatively few wetland species of goldenrod in the NC mountains. It grows mostly 2-4 feet tall, with large basal leaves and small stem leaves. Basal leaves are long-stalked, up to a foot or more long, the blade elliptical, and margins with small teeth. Stem leaves are progressively much smaller, narrowly elliptical, eventually stalkless, and barely or not toothed. Stems are glabrous except for tiny hairs in the inflorescence. The inflorescence varies from cylindrical and with very short branches to more triangular in outline and with curved branches. S. simulans is similar but occurs on specialized habitats of granitic domes and ledges. Specimens of these two may well have been misidentified in the past (or still today), especially as this latter species had typically been subsumed within S. uliginosa.
Taxonomic CommentsThe form found in NC is the nominate subspecies.

Other Common Name(s)None
State RankS1S2
Global RankG4G5
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