Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Chinese Mustard - Brassica juncea   (L.) Czernajew
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Section 6 » Order Capparales » Family Brassicaceae
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Author(L.) Czernajew
DistributionMostly Mountains; also Randolph, Stanly, and Warren counties in the Piedmont. Other SERNEC specimens from Robeson and Wake counties are misidentified.

Native of Eurasia and Africa; in N.A. throughout.
AbundanceRare or uncommon in the Mountains; very rare in the Piedmont.
HabitatMoist roadside banks, near lake, creek floodplain, sewerline R-O-W, disturbed soil.
PhenologyFlowering and fruiting April-June.
IdentificationChinese Mustard is an annual, grows 1-3 feet tall, glabrous, and glaucescent. The basal leaves usually are absent at flowering; if present they have a few pairs of lobes. The stem leaves have short petioles, the blades lance-shaped to obovate, margins sinuous-dentate and may also have a pair of narrow lobes near the base of the blade. The flowers are yellow; fruits are slender on ascending stalks, versus erect stalks in B. nigra.
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State RankSE
Global RankGNR
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BA SorrieElmer-Homer Road off Putnam Church Road, northern Moore Co. MooreOther_non_natural
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