Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Wild Radish - Raphanus raphanistrum   L.
Members of Brassicaceae:
Members of Raphanus with account distribution info or public map:
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Section 6 » Order Capparales » Family Brassicaceae
AuthorL.
DistributionFrom the Outer Banks through the Piedmont; a few montane records for northern counties.

Native of Eurasia; in N.A. throughout the US and most of Canada.
AbundanceCommon in most of the Coastal Plain and the eastern Piedmont, and frequent in the central and western Piedmont and the northern Coastal Plain; rare in the Mountains.
HabitatFields, fallow fields, roadsides, barnyards, pastures, disturbed soil. Commonly grown as a winter cover, for food, and for medicinal uses.
PhenologyFlowering and fruiting March-June.
IdentificationWild Radish is a robust annual about 2 feet tall, and is glabrous. The basal leaves are oblanceolate or obovate, variously cut into irregular lobes. The stem leaves are much smaller, sessile, and irregularly toothed. The flowers are terminal and axillary, pale yellow or off-white with a few dark lines on the inside of the petals. The pods are torulose -- with a constriction between each seed, as in a legume pod. The species is very similar to Garden Radish (R. sativus), and the 2 taxa will hybridize. It differs mainly in flower color (purple to pink in Garden Radish).
Taxonomic Comments
Other Common Name(s)Jointed Charlock
State RankSE
Global RankGNR
State Status
US Status
USACE-agcp
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