Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Carolina Pineland-cress - Warea cuneifolia   (Muhlenburg ex Nuttall) Nuttall
Members of Brassicaceae:
Only member of Warea in NC.
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Section 6 » Order Capparales » Family Brassicaceae
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Author(Muhlenburg ex Nuttall) Nuttall
DistributionKnown only from the Sandhills region, one old record from Harnett County, and a more recent record(s) from Hoke County.

This is mostly a Sandhills region species, from southern NC southward into northern FL, and rarely to central FL. It is known only from NC, SC, GA, and FL.
AbundanceVery rare in the Sandhills region, probably barely hanging on in the state, as it is an obvious plant and a species not likely to be overlooked, in a region that has been quite heavily surveyed over the years. It is a State Endangered species. The NCNHP moved the State Rank from S1 to SH in late 2022, with their database indicating the last sighting was in 1998, despite some recent survey efforts.
HabitatThis is a species of xeric Longleaf Pine (Pinus palustris) stands, farther south in sand barrens but in NC in pine/scrub oak sandhills. Almost certainly, it requires frequent prescribed fire for its continued existence in the state.
See also Habitat Account for Dry-Xeric Sand Barrens and Glades
PhenologyBlooms from July to September, and fruits from August to September.
IdentificationThis is a smooth and slender species, growing to 1-2 feet tall, with branching in the upper portions. It has scattered, alternate leaves, generally ascending, oblanceolate, entire, tapered to the base, and about 1-1.5 inches long. At the end of each branch is a terminal flower cluster, dense and head-like, about 2/3-inch across, with numerous pink to whitish flowers with 4 petals that have slender bases and flaring apices. Quite obvious and attractive are the very slender and down-curved siliques, each averaging about 2 inches long, often spreading outward from the center of the cluster in a symmetrical manner. Sadly, this attractive and unique (in the Carolinas) species is very hard to find in NC, and you likely will have to stumble onto in in SC or GA.
Taxonomic CommentsNone

Other Common Name(s)None
State RankSH
Global RankG3
State StatusE
US Status
County Map - click on a county to view source of record.
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B.A. Sorriesame data HokePhoto_natural
B.A. SorrieHoke County, 1992, xeric terrace of Little River, Fort Bragg. HokePhoto_natural

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