Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Wallflower-cabbage - Coincya monensis   (L.) Greuter & Burdet
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Section 6 » Order Capparales » Family Brassicaceae
Author(L.) Greuter & Burdet
DistributionCollected in 2 locations: Yancey County in 1958 by Ahles & Duke on a roadside SW of Burnsville; and Jackson County in 1968 by Leonard & Radford in a field NE of Cherokee. These specimens were originally thought to be Diplotaxis muralis, then Brassica erucastrum, and finally annotated to Coincya by I. Al-Shehbaz. Naczi & Thieret (1996) state that they have seen a 1994 collection, but we have not seen it.

Native of western Europe and northwestern Africa; in N.A. NY, PA, and WV to NC; also KY, MI. For an excellent discussion of its occurrences in N.A., see Naczi and Thieret (1996).
AbundanceVery rare. Reportedly common in the Cane River valley (Yancey County) back in the 1950s.
HabitatRoadside, field.
PhenologyFlowering and fruiting May-July (at least).
IdentificationWallflower-cabbage has stems up to 3 feet tall, but usually less. Leaves are the best ID character. First, they are glaucous or glaucescent. The basal leaves are cut into pinnatisect lobes or segments; each segment has rather ragged or toothed margins. The lower stem leaves are similar but narrower, and up the stem they become progressively smaller and fewer-segmented such that the uppermost do not at all resemble the lowest. The flowers are terminal, yellow with maroon veins. The fruits are long, slender, and slightly curved.
Taxonomic CommentsSynonyms include Sinapis recurvata and Brassica cheiranthos.

Other Common Name(s)Coincya, Star-mustard
State RankSE
Global RankGNR
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