Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Orange-eye Butterfly-bush - Buddleja davidii   Franchet
Members of Scrophulariaceae:
Members of Buddleja with account distribution info or public map:
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Section 6 » Order Scrophulariales » Family Scrophulariaceae
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AuthorFranchet
DistributionMostly in the southern Mountains; also a few counties in the lower Piedmont, and Outer Banks of Dare County. Probably has escaped in a handful of other counties, as this is a commonly planted species in yards and gardens.

Native of China; in N.A. MA to Ont. south to GA, AL, MO; also B.C. to CA.
AbundanceRare to locally uncommon.
HabitatRoadsides, road ditchbank, public park, trailside, quarry, open woods.
PhenologyFlowering and fruiting June-October.
IdentificationOrange-eye Butterfly-bush is a multi-stemmed and -branched shrub, potentially up to 10 feet tall and even wider, commonly planted to attract butterflies to gardens and arboretums. The leaves are lance-shaped to ovate-lance-shaped, whitish beneath due to dense hairs, the margins slightly toothed. The very numerous inflorescences grow terminally and from upper leaf axils, 4-8 inches long, in a narrowly conical shape. The flowers are crowded, the corollas violet to pink or white outside and yellow-orange inside; they are very fragrant. Our other 2 species have smooth leaf margins. Though some references say that the species can and does escape, and that it should not be planted at all as a result, it escapes only rarely in most places and is an excellent butterfly attractant in most gardens, as long as areas around the plants are mowed or weeded carefully.
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State RankSE
Global RankG4G5
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