Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Orange-eye Butterfly-bush - Buddleja davidii   Franchet
Members of Scrophulariaceae:
Members of Buddleja with account distribution info or public map:
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Section 6 » Order Scrophulariales » Family Scrophulariaceae
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DistributionMostly in the southern Mountains; also a few counties in the lower Piedmont, and Outer Banks of Dare County. Probably has escaped in a handful of other counties, as this is a commonly planted species in yards and gardens.

Native of China; in N.A. MA to Ont. south to GA, AL, MO; also B.C. to CA.
AbundanceRare to locally uncommon.
HabitatRoadsides, road ditchbank, public park, trailside, quarry, open woods.
PhenologyFlowering and fruiting June-October.
IdentificationOrange-eye Butterfly-bush is a multi-stemmed and -branched shrub, potentially up to 10 feet tall and even wider, commonly planted to attract butterflies to gardens and arboretums. The leaves are lance-shaped to ovate-lance-shaped, whitish beneath due to dense hairs, the margins slightly toothed. The very numerous inflorescences grow terminally and from upper leaf axils, 4-8 inches long, in a narrowly conical shape. The flowers are crowded, the corollas violet to pink or white outside and yellow-orange inside; they are very fragrant. Our other 2 species have smooth leaf margins. Though some references say that the species can and does escape, and that it should not be planted at all as a result, it escapes only rarely in most places and is an excellent butterfly attractant in most gardens, as long as areas around the plants are mowed or weeded carefully.
Taxonomic Comments
Other Common Name(s)
State RankSE
Global RankG4G5
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