Vascular Plants of North Carolina
Account for Southern Harebell - Campanula divaricata   Michaux
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Section 6 » Order Campanulales » Family Campanulaceae
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AuthorMichaux
DistributionThroughout the mountains and western Piedmont, found in all counties; somewhat scattered in the central Piedmont and into the southeastern Piedmont; east to Rockingham, Chatham, Lee, and Anson counties. Disjunct record from Bladen County in the Coastal Plain.

This is a central and southern Appalachian species, ranging from western MD and WV, south to central AL.
AbundanceCommon and widespread in the mountains and foothills; uncommon to infrequent into the central Piedmont, and rare in the southeastern portions. As this is clearly an S5 species in NC, the Global Rank assigned by NatureServe needs to be G5 instead of G4.
HabitatThis is a rock-based species -- occurring on cliffs, crevices of other rock outcrops such as rocky summits, and on talus slopes. It usually is found in sunny to partly sunny places, not in heavy shade of forest interior rock crevices.
PhenologyBlooms from July to October, and fruits from September to frost.
IdentificationThis is a quite familiar species to biologists working the western half of the state, especially in the mountains. This is a slender herb, with a few branches, growing to about 1.5' tall. It has alternate leaves, linear to lanceolate, about 2" long and only 1/2" wide at most, quite noticeably serrated. The inflorescence is an open panicle of fairly numerous flowers, each one bright to rich blue and dangling downward. The flower is bell-shaped and about 1/3" long. The downward-facing bright blue "bells" are easily noted in the field and should avoid confusion with any other species.
Taxonomic CommentsNone

Other Common Name(s)Appalachian Bellflower, Panicled Bellflower, Small Bonny Bellflower
State RankS5
Global RankG4 [G5]
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USACE-agcp
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