Moths of North Carolina
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View PDFNoctuidae Members:
Sideridis Members:
1 NC Records

Sideridis rosea (Harvey, 1874) - Rosewing Moth

Superfamily: Noctuoidea Family: NoctuidaeSubfamily: NoctuinaeTribe: HadeniniP3 Number: 932906.00 MONA Number: 10265.00
Comments: One of nine species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Lafontaine and Schmidt, 2010), two of which have been recorded in North Carolina
Field Guide Descriptions: Online Photographs: MPG, BugGuide, GBIF, BOLDTechnical Description, Adults: Forbes (1954)Technical Description, Immature Stages: Godfrey (1972); Wagner et al. (2011)                                                                                 
Adult Markings: A medium-sized, reddish-brown Noctuid. The head, thorax, and submarginal area of the forewing are a dark maroon-brown, strongly contrasting with the yellowish-brown to tan ground color of the inner two-thirds of the forewing; the terminal area is a lighter shade of red. The lines are reddish-brown: the antemedian is fine and waved; the median is diffuse and undulating; the postmedian is strongly dentate; and the subterminal is irregular. The orbicular, claviform, and reniform are all large and filled with the ground color; the reniform has a dark spot in the lower half. Hind wings are dull yellowish.
Wingspan: 40-45 mm (Forbes,1954)
Adult Structural Features: Male reproductive structures of the genus are described by Forbes (1954), but he does not describe differences separating the species. Eyes are covered with hair.
Adult ID Requirements: Identifiable from good quality photos of unworn specimens.
Immatures and Development: A larva is illustrated (but not described) by Wagner et al. (2011). The dorsal surface and sides down to the spiracles appear to be a uniform purplish brown and the sides below the spiracles a uniform pale gray; legs and prolegs are white.
Larvae ID Requirements: Identifiable only through rearing to adulthood.
Distribution in North Carolina
Distribution: So far, this species as been found in North Carolina only in the New River Valley in the northern Mountains.
County Map: Clicking on a county returns the records for the species in that county.
Flight Dates:
 High Mountains (HM) ‚Č• 4,000 ft.
 Low Mountains (LM) < 4,000 ft.
 Piedmont (Pd)
 Coastal Plain (CP)

Click on graph to enlarge
Flight Comments: Our one record comes from June, which is consistent with its primarily summer flight period further north (Forbes, 1954; MPG, 2018)
Habitats and Life History
Habitats: Our one specimen comes from a site located between 3,000' to 4,000', with the habitat consisting of old pastures, white pine plantations, and remnants of cove forest.
Larval Host Plants: Larvae have been reared on Gooseberry (Ribes spp.) and Willow (Salix spp.), both of which are native, as well as Russian Olive (Osmanthus species) and Soapberry (Sapindus), which are exotic (Godfrey, 1972; Wagner et al., 2011). Larvae need to be found in the field in order to confirm which species they use in North Carolina. - View
Observation Methods: Comes to light but it is unclear to what extent. We know of no records from bait.
Status in North Carolina
Natural Heritage Program Status: [W3]
Natural Heritage Program Ranks: GNR [SU]
State Protection: Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.
Comments: This species is primarily northern, at least in eastern North America. Like several other species that occur at relatively low elevations in the northern Mountains, it may reach North Carolina via the New River Valley, where it may be either a disjunct population or the southern end of a larger population that extends northward along this valley. More information on this species is needed to confirm its residency status in North Carolina, as well as its overall distribution, habitat association, and host plant uses before an accurate assessment can be made of its conservation status.

 Photo Gallery for Sideridis rosea - Rosewing Moth

Photos: 1

Recorded by: Bo Sullivan on 2016-06-09
Ashe Co.