Myriapods of North Carolina
Scientific Name:
Common Name:
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View PDFXystodesmidae Members: 7 NC Records

Sigmoria areolata Shelley, 1981 - No Common Name

Class: Diplopoda (Millipedes) Family: Xystodesmidae Checklist Number: 487.00
Field Guide Descriptions: Online Photographs: BugGuide, iNaturalist, Google                                                                                 
Distribution in North Carolina
Distribution: Shelley (1981) regarded this species as having a very restricted distribution: "Sigmoria areolata is a highly localized endemic species known only from the area around Baldwin Gap in central Buncombe county. This area was revisited in June 1979, but no specimens were encountered"
County Map: Clicking on a county returns the records for the species in that county.
 High Mountains (HM) ≥ 4,000 ft.
 Low Mountains (LM) < 4,000 ft.
 Piedmont (Pd)
 Coastal Plain (CP)

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Habitats and Life History
Habitats: Shelley (1981) found the type specimens in hardwood forest growing on a hillside adjacent to a cove forest. He speculated that it occupies the same range of habitats as latior, which includes a range of dry-to-wet hardwood forests, from hillsides to floodplains. However, this species -- unlike areolata -- appears to have a much more restricted geographic range, which needs to be explained in terms of its habitat associations.
Status in North Carolina
Natural Heritage Program Status: [SR]
Natural Heritage Program Ranks: [GNR] [SH]
State Protection:
Comments: This species appears to be endemic to a very small area and appears to be known only from historic records; Shelley (1981) reported he couldn't find the species when he searched for them at the type locality in 1979.