Orthoptera of North Carolina
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Tetrix arenosa
Sanded Pygmy Grasshopper
checklist_number: 107.0
...Rehn and Hebard (1916) found this species on the sandy shoreline of Lake Waccamaw, on a sandy border of a bog, on wet clay bordering a small stream, and in dry, sandy upland areas. Our recent records .........G5 S3S4...
Anaxipha exigua
Say's Trig
checklist_number: 165.0
One of thirteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2017); nine of which have been recorded in North Carolina. Exigua belongs to the Exigua Species Group, which also includes tinnula, thomasi, tinnulacita, and tinnulenta in North Carolina (Walker and Funk, 2014).A very small, brown Trig. Like other members of the exigua group, it possess a broad dark stripe on the lateral face of the femur (Walker and Funk, 2014). Structural features -- particularly the numbe...Fulton (1956) described the habitat of his trilling form of exigua (now recognized as true exigua) as consisting of deeply shaded mesic to wet forests, becoming most abundant in wet seeps dominated by...Apparently unrecorded; possibly omnivorous...Singing males are most easily detected but they may also be captured using sweep netting...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsGNR [S4S5]This species has been recorded over a fairly wide area of the state and occupies fairly common types of habitats. Consequently, it is probably secure in the state....
Anaxipha thomasi
Thomas's Trig
checklist_number: 167.0
One of thirteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2017); nine have been recorded in North Carolina. Thomasi belongs to the Exigua Species Group, which also includes exigua, tinnula, tinnulacita, and tinnulenta in North Carolina (Walker and Funk, 2014).A very small, brown Trig. Like other members of the Exigua group, it possess a broad dark stripe on the lateral face of the femur (Walker and Funk, 2014). Structural features -- particularly the numbe...This species appears to be particularly tied to pine forests (Walker and Funk, 2014) and our records come from stands dominated by Shortleaf Pine with some Scrub Pine also present. ...Apparently unrecorded; possibly omnivorous...Singing males are most easily detected but they may also be captured using sweep netting...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands[GNR] [SU]This recently described species is still too poorly known across its range to estimate either its global or state conservation status. Its occurrence in stands of upland pine forests suggests, however...
Neonemobius variegatus
Variegated Ground Cricket
checklist_number: 149.0
One of six species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2017), three of which have been recorded in North CarolinaHebard (1913) describes the general color as clay yellow mottled or flecked with mummy brown. The head below the antennae is distinctively shining dark brown, but the occiput is cinnamon, mottled wit...Fulton (1931) describes the habitat as consisting of stream borders, particularly on somewhat open gravel bars. ...Probably omnivorous......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsGNR SHS3We have very few records for this species and there is comparatively little information in the literature. The habitat of this species, however, is widespread and it has probably been generally overlo...
Melanoplus celatus
Secretive Short-wing Grasshopper
checklist_number: 32.0
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina.A small three-toned brachypterous (flightless) Melanoplus. The dorsal surface is dark brown, bordered below by a black post-ocular stripe that extends to the metazona, with a continuation onto the sid...Morse (1904b) describes finding this species "in shrubby undergrowth among pines on dry, stony soil"...Undescribed...Best found by walking through its habitat and flushing individuals into making short jumps...We recommend that this species be considered Significantly Rare by the Natural Heritage Program. That designation, however, does not confer any legal protection and insects in general are not covered by the state's Endangered and Threatened Wildlife Act. Permits are required to collect this species on state park lands, game lands, and other protected natural areasGU [SU]We have very few records for this species in North Carolina, especially well-verified records. All but one are historic, although the recent record from Transylvania County appears to significantly ex...
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Cycloptilum tardum
Slow-chirp Scaly Cricket
checklist_number: 131.0
One of sixteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Love and Walker, 1979), four of which have been recorded in North Carolina. Cycloptilum tardum belongs to the Bidens Complex of the Squamosum Species Group of Love and Walker (1979).A very small, mottled brown Scaly Cricket. The general color is light reddish brown but the scales are blackish or dark gray, producing a mottled appearance overall, especially in unworn individuals (...Love and Walker (1979) describe the habitat as poorly drained and frequently burned, including flatwoods dominated by Slash Pine or Longleaf Pine and with a dense shrubby understory. Our one confirme...Unrecorded but probably omnivorous...Members of this species group live either on the ground or in dense ground cover and are hard to observe directly. Singing males are the easiest to detect and to identify. Spectrograms or waveforms sh...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands[GNR] [SU]This species is possibly a specialist on wet Longleaf Pine habitats, but we have too few documented records for this species -- especially given the uncertainty of all records for this species outside...
Melanoplus confusus
Pasture Grasshopper
checklist_number: 34.0
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina.............G5 SH...
Melanoplus impudicus
Immodest Spur-throat Grasshopper
checklist_number: 45.0
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina.A medium-sized, brownish-yellow, long-winged grasshopper. The upper parts are grayish- to reddish-brown; the lower parts, including most of the abdomen, are yellow. The post-ocular dark stripe is vari...Rehn and Hebard (1916) found it in association with woodlands dominated by pines and dry oaks, including Blackjack. Blatchely (1920) describes its habitat as grassy areas within dry, open woodlands, i...Apparently not recorded...Probably best found by flushing it by walking through its habitat...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG4G5 SHThis species is generally considered sparsely distributed (Rehn and Hebard, 1916; Blatchley, 1920). Only a few historic records exist for North Carolina, all from prior to 1940. ...
Pictonemobius ambitiosus complex
checklist_number: 150.0
One of four species in this genus, all of which are confined to southeastern North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). While one member of this genus has been recorded in North Carolina, it is not clear which species it represents (Gross et al., 1989).A small, reddish-brown ground cricket. Members of this genus are distinguished by their facial markings: the face is shining black, with a narrow pale stripe between the eyes (Hebard, 1913). The verte...Most of the species in this genus are associated with dry, open, oak woodlands growing on sandhills. At least some populations of ambitiosus in South Carolina, occur in river bottomlands or stands of...Probably omnivorous...Males sing primarily during the day and are most easily detected by their songs...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands[GNR] S1S3Members of this genus have been rarely collected even in South Carolina and the only records we have from North Carolina are the ones collected by Fulton in the 1930s. Although more needs to be learne...
Pictonemobius hubbelli
Hubbell's Ground Cricket
checklist_number: 152.0
One of four species in this genus, all of which are endemic to southeastern North America (Gross et al., 1989; Cigliano et al., accessed 2021-10-10). As many as two species may occur in North Carolina; the other two are primarily or exclusively Floridian.As in other members of this genus, a distinctive pale stripe exists between the eyes on the frons. This species may be superficially indistinguishable from ambitiosus (see key in Gross et al., 1989), ...The habitat described for this species by Gross et al. (1989) consists of open pine and oak woodlands, including grass tussocks next to pond edges in such habitats. Our record from Moore County comes ...Probably omnivorous...Males sing primarily during the day and are most easily detected by their songs (Gross et al., 1989)...[GNR] S1S3Only one population has been documented in North Carolina. More information is needed to confirm its identity and distribution within the state, but it is likely to be confined to xeric sandhill scrub...
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Amblycorypha bartrami
Bartram's Round-Winged Katydid
checklist_number: 230.0
One of fourteen species in this genus that occur in North America (Cigliano et al., accessed 2021-10-09). Seven species have been recorded in North Carolina.Members of this species group cannot be distinguished by color, pattern, or structural features, with males told apart solely by song (Walker et al., 2003). Males lack the black spots on the pronotal ............GNR S2S3...
Amblycorypha arenicola
Sandhill Virtuoso Katydid
checklist_number: 229.0
One of fourteen species in this genus that occur in North America (Cigliano et al., accessed 2021-10-09). Seven species have been recorded in North Carolina.Males of the Uhleri Species Group are characterized by their possession of a pair of dark spots on the lateral carina of the pronotum (Walker, 2006). Arenicola and longinicta are probably indistinguis...Associated with xeric to mesic, fire-maintained sandhill scrub communities. Stands with xerophytic oaks may be preferred, although individuals can occasionally be found in herb-dominated sandhill comm......Probably most easily detected by the male songs....GNR S2S3...
Melanoplus bispinosus
Two-Spined Melanoplus
checklist_number: 29.0
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina.A medium-large, dark grayish to reddish, long-winged grasshopper. Scudder (1897) described the color as "cinereo-fuscous, more or less ferruginous." Our one specimen is fairly dark gray but with reddi...Our records comes from an open sandy area located on an abandoned gravel mine and from a sandy old field located at the end of an airport runway...Presumably grasses...Recorded by flushing it by walking through its habitat...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG4G5 [SU]This species is common in Texas and the southern Midwest (see range map prepared by Otte in Cigliano et al., 2016) but appears to have been discovered in the Southeast fairly recently. It was not rec...
Neoscapteriscus vicinus
Tawny Mole Cricket
checklist_number: 176.0
............[GNR] SNAIntroduced from South America...
Amblytropidia mysteca
Brown Winter Grasshopper
checklist_number: 8.0
The only member of this primarily Neotropical genus that occurs in North America north of Mexico (Otte, 1981; Cigliano et al., 2018)A medium-sized Slant-faced Grasshopper, whose yellow and brown shadings help it blend in with pine needles and oak leaf litter on the ground (Blatchley, 1920). The head and body are sometimes uniform ...The majority of our records come from Longleaf Pine habitats, including savannas, flatwoods, and sandhills. In the Uwharries several populations have been found in association with Piedmont Longleaf P...Apparently unrecorded...Best found by walking through its habitat and flushing individuals into making short jumps...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG5 [S4]This species appears to be most common in Longleaf Pine woodlands, which have undergone dramatic reduction since Colonial times. However, it is not restricted to those habitats and occurs over a fair...
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Campylacantha olivacea
Fuzzy Olive-green Grasshopper
checklist_number: 276.0
Two species are currently recognized in this genus, both of which occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., accessed 2021-10-05). Only olivacea occurs in the eastern United States, where it is primarily a relict species.This species is typically bright olive-green but can be occasionally pale brown or dark fuscous (Blatchely, 1920). A dark green line exists on the vertex of the head and the antennae have white annuli...In the East, this species appears to be associated with prairies, sandhills, grassy dunes, and probably other herb-dominated habitats associated with dry, sandy or clay-rich soils....In the Black Belt Prairies of Mississippi, this species has only been collected in patches of western ragweed, Ambrosia psilostachya (Hill, 2007). Blatchley (1920) cites Bruner for records from......G5 S1S2This is a Southwestern species that has been recorded at only a few sites in the Southeast. Only one population has been documented in North Carolina, with the next known occurrence in western South C...
Conocephalus saltans
Prairie Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 197.0
One of nineteen species in this large worldwide genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018; Cigliano et al., 2018); ten have been recorded in North CarolinaA small, reddish-brown to bluish-green, short-winged Lesser Meadow Katydid. The typical form is dull reddish-brown. The face is marked with a dark stripe or blotch and a wide stripe of brown runs from...Blatchley (1920) described this species as xerophilous, associated with dry upland prairies and sandy barrens. Populations have been found in association with Andropogon and other dry bunch-grasses, N......Best found by flushing individuals by walking through their habitat...G5 S2S3More surveys are needed to document the conservation status of this species in North Carolina. However, apart from a single recent record, this species has not been collected in the state since the 19...
Phyllopalpus pulchellus
Handsome Trig
checklist_number: 163.0
One of six species in this primarily Neotropical genus and the only one that occurs in the eastern United State (Cigliano et al., 2017)A small but strikingly marked Trig. The head and thorax are crimson red; the palps, antennal bases, sides of the tegmina, abdomen, and ovipositor are shining black; and the antennae and legs are pale...Occurs in both herbaceous vegetation fairly close to the ground to low shrubs and trees. Lowland and mesic habitats seem to be preferred but they can also be found upslope. They inhabit residential ne......More often heard than seen but active both day and night and can be spotted in low vegetation...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR S5Common and widespread across the state. Appears to be quite secure....
Eunemobius carolinus
Carolina Ground Cricket
checklist_number: 144.0
One of three species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2017), all three of which have been recorded in North CarolinaA small, yellowish-brown ground cricket. The pale palps serve to distinguish this species from all other of our ground crickets except for Eunemobius confusus and melodius. The palps of confusus are a...Fulton (1931) describes carolinus as occurring in a wide variety of habitats but usually where the soil moisture is fairly high. These include riparian, bottomland, and mesic hardwoods; marshes; and ...Probably omnivorous...Most easily detected by song. Comes at least occasionally to lights, especially macropterous forms....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsGNR [S5]Eunemobius carolina is one of our most widespread and most often encountered species. It occupies a wide range of habitats, including suburban areas, and seems to be fairly secure within the state....
Miogryllus verticalis
Eastern Striped Cricket
checklist_number: 122.0
One of twenty-two species in this genus, only two of which occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018); verticalis is the sole species in the EastA small, cricket with distinctive head markings. The head is large, globe-shaped, and shining black. Pale lines encircle the eyes and extend to the rear margin of the head; four short longitudinal pa...Reportedly occupies areas of sparse or short grasses in fairly dry uplands (Blatchley, 1920; Himmelman, 2009). We have records from a stand of dry Coastal Fringe Evergreen Forest, a lawn with sparse g...Not recorded but probably omnivorous...Sings mostly at night (Fulton, 1932), but at least occasionally during the morning as late as 9:00 (S. Hall, pers. obs.). The songs are reportedly difficult to localize and individuals are difficult t...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands[GNR S4?]We currently have few recent records for this species, but it occupies a wide range of habitats -- including disturbed areas -- and occurs over a fairly wide area of the state. For those reasons, we b...
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Inscudderia walkeri
Eastern Cypress Katydid
checklist_number: 238.0
One of three species of this strictly North American genus (Cigliano et al., 2018), and the only one that occurs in North CarolinaA narrow-winged, long-legged, boldly patterned katydid. The head, thorax, and abdomen are dark green and marked with yellowish-green to whitish green streaks and spots, particularly along the sides of...Our records come primarily from stands of Bald Cypress growing in river swamps or old millponds. Our one Sandhills record comes from a stand of swamp forest containing Atlantic White Cedar but no Cypr...May be monophagous on Bald Cypress (Taxodium distichum); its possible use of Pond Cypress needs to be investigated...This species is well-camouflaged during the day and hard to find, but is easy to spot using flashlights on the tips of cypress branches after dark, where they are easy to collect (Hebard, 1925). This ...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsGNR SUWe have very few records for this species, but that may be due to its excellent camouglage during the day and few, if any, attempts to survey this species after dark. More information is needed on its...
Anaxipha vernalis
Spring Trig
checklist_number: 171.0
One of thirteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2017); nine have been recorded in North Carolina. Vernalis belongs to the Delicatula Species Group, of which declicatula is the only other member.A very small, brown Trig. Unlike most members of the Exigua Group, it lacks a stripe on the lateral face of the femur (Walker and Funk, 2014). Structural features -- particularly the number of pegs on...Fulton (1956) describes the habitat as primarily fresh-water marshes and stream borders, especially with thick herbaceous growth, including both Lizardtail and tall wetland graminoids. We also have re...Apparently unrecorded; possibly omnivorous...Singing males are most easily detected both day and night. They may also be captured using sweep netting, although Walker and Funk (2014) state that this species is particularly difficult to capture....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands[GNR] [S4?]We currently have records for this species from just a small number of counties, with most of those being historic. However, it appears to occupy common types of habitats and is likely to be found thr...
Atlanticus pachymerus
Southern Protean Shieldback
checklist_number: 250.0
Average body length: 24.4 mm, NC males (n=4); 24.0, NC females (n=7) (Rehn and Hebard, 1916b). Length of pronotum: 9.1, NC males; 10.1, NC females. Length of hind femur: 20.6, NC males; 22.8, NC femal...............
Mermiria bivittata
Two-striped Mermiria
checklist_number: 13.0
One of four species in this genus, all of which occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018); three species have been recorded in North CarolinaA large, slender, tan to yellowish-green Slant-faced Grasshopper, heavily streaked with dark brown. The dorsal surface of the pronotum is pale yellow, with only a narrow darkening along the mid-dorsal...Rehn (1919) describes the habitat of this species as "areas of rich, high grass, with or without intermingled weeds", ranging from maritime habitats, including tidal creeks, to uplands up to 2,000' in...Brust et al. (2014) states that bivittata is a grass-feeder, utlizing a wide range of species....Probably best found by flushing it by walking through its habitat. Males, in particular, are likely to fly long distances before landing....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG5 S2S3->[SH]We have very few records for this species, all of which are now very old. The habitats used in North Carolina are unclear and targeted surveys are needed to confirm that this species is still a reside...
Neocurtilla hexadactyla
Northern Mole Cricket
checklist_number: 174.0
...Apart from observations of dispersing individuals seen at lights, our records come almost entirely from low, wet areas, including lake and river shorelines, Longleaf Pine Savannas and Sandhill Seeps, .........GNR S4S5...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Neoscapteriscus borellii
Southern Mole Cricket
checklist_number: 175.0
............[GNR] SNAIntroduced from South America; spreading northward...
Anaxipha rosamacula
Pink-spotted Trig
checklist_number: 275.0
One of thirteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2017); nine of which have been recorded in North Carolina. Based on analysis of mitochondrial DNA, rosamacula and litarena were placed in the Litarena Species Group by Walker and Funk (2014).Pink markings are evident in fresh specimens (Walker and Funk, 2014). ...The site where Hall and Sullivan recorded this species in Brunswick County, 6/27/18, consisted of Coastal Fringe Evergreen Forest; one male heard singing about one meter off the ground in a thicket of......Most easily detected by song...[GNR] SU...
Anaxipha tinnulenta
Slow-Tinkling Trig
checklist_number: 170.0
One of thirteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2017); nine have been recorded in North Carolina. Tinnulenta belongs to the Exigua Species Group, which also includes exigua, tinnula, thomasi, and tinnulacita in North Carolina (Walker and Funk, 2014).A very small, brown Trig. Like other members of the exigua group, it possess a broad dark stripe on the lateral face of the femur (Walker and Funk, 2014). Structural features -- particularly the numbe...Our recent records come from low-lying old field habitats or from the edge of the woods bordering these fields. These habitat agree with the description given by Walker and Funk (2014): "generally mor...Apparently unrecorded; possibly omnivorous...Singing males are most easily detected but they may also be captured using sweep netting...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands[GNR] [S4?]We currently have records for this species from just a small area of the state, with most of those records being historic. However, it appears to occupy common types of habitats and is likely to found...
Anaxipha tinnulacita
Fast-tinkling Trig
checklist_number: 169.0
One of thirteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2017); nine have been recorded in North Carolina. Tinnulacita belongs to the Exigua Species Group, which also includes exigua, tinnula, thomasi, and tinnulenta in North Carolina (Walker and Funk, 2014).A very small, brown Trig. Like other members of the exigua group, it possess a broad dark stripe on the lateral face of the femur (Walker and Funk, 2014). Structural features -- particularly the numbe...In the Coastal Plain, our recent records come from fairly wet, shrubby habitats, including Pond Pine Woodlands growing on the edge of a Carolina Bay and a tract of Maritime Swamp Forest, where tinnula...Apparently unrecorded; possibly omnivorous...Singing males are most easily detected but they may also be captured using sweep netting...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands[GNR] S5Although we still have too few verified records of this species to be sure of its range within the state, it appears to be regularly observed and fairly common where it has been found. Since it also a...
Anaxipha tinnula
Tidewater Trig
checklist_number: 168.0
One of thirteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2017); nine have been recorded in North Carolina. Tinnula belongs to the Exigua Species Group, which also includes exigua, tinnulacita, thomasi, and tinnulenta in North Carolina (Walker and Funk, 2014).A very small, brown Trig. Like other members of the exigua group, it possess a stripe on the lateral face of the femur, although it is often pale or obsolescent in this species (Walker and Funk, 2014)...Appears to be restricted to marsh grasses, including those of saltwater marshes (Carolina Beach) and fresh-to-brackish marshes (New Bern and Swanquarter) (Fulton, 1956)...Associated with tall grasses, sedges, and rushes but its exact diet is unrecorded...Most easily detected by its song. Fulton (1956) noted that tinnula, like tinnulenta and tinnulacita, sing most vigorously in the morning and much less on cool nights....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands[GNR] [S3S4]All of our records for this species are historic, although it is highly likely to still occur in our coastal marshes. It appears to be highly specialized on tall marsh graminoids and is likely to be v...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Anaxipha litarena
Beach Trig
checklist_number: 166.0
One of thirteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2017); nine have been recorded in North Carolina. Litarena was placed in the Litarena Species Group by Walker and Funk (2014), which also includes rosamacula, a species recently added to the North Carolina list.A very small, pale tan Trig. Unlike members of the Exigua Group, it lacks a stripe on the lateral face of the femur (Walker and Funk, 2014). That separates it from tinnula, which occupies the same ha...Fulton recorded this species from a fairly wide range of tidewater habitats in North Carolina, including a dry sand ridge at Carolina Beach (possibly the tract of Coastal Fringe Sandhills where the st...Apparently unrecorded; possibly omnivorous...Singing males are most easily detected but they may also be captured using sweep netting...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsGNR S3S4This species appears to be restricted to the Tidewater region of the state, where it has been recorded in marshes and dunes. With so few current records, we still know too little about the distributio...
Anaxipha delicatula
Chirping Trig
checklist_number: 164.0
One of thirteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2017); nine of which have been recorded in North Carolina. Delicatula is part of the Delicatula Species Group, which also includes A. vernalis.A very small, brown Trig. Unlike most members of the Exigua Group, it lacks a stripe on the lateral face of the femur (Walker and Funk, 2014). Structural features -- particularly the number of pegs on...Occurs with tinnula in "in cordgrass marshes of coastal NC" (Walker and Funk, 2014); they also occur in "fresh water marshes, including lizardtail (Saururus) and cattails (Typha); on herbaceous underg...Apparently unrecorded; possibly omnivorous...Singing males are most easily detected but they may also be captured using sweep netting...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsGNR [SU]This species reaches the northern extent of its range in North Carolina and except possibly for the specimens from Corolla, our few records are all historic. While it seems likely that the species sti...
Gryllus fultoni
Southern Wood Cricket
checklist_number: 117.0
One of eighteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Walker, 2017), six of which have been recorded in North Carolina.Tegmina always brown; hind femora reddish or pale and the hind tibiae are also pale (Alexander, 1957). Lacks the red spots that are usually present on the sides of the pronotum in G. rubens, the oth...Occurs primarily in woodlands (Fulton, 1951; Alexander, 1957), but can also be heard singing in the edges of fields adjoining forests, at sites where G. rubens is singing close by (S. Hall, pers. obs....Probably omnivorous...Most easily found by song, which males produce both day and night...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands[G5] S5Appears to be widespread in the Piedmont and associated with common types of habitat; appears to be secure within the state...
Gryllus rubens
Southeastern Field Cricket
checklist_number: 119.0
One of eighteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Walker, 2017), six of which have been recorded in North Carolina.According to Scudder (1902), the head and body are shining black but with the pronotum marked with reddish along the front and hind borders and along the edges of the lateral lobes. The tegmina are te...Fields and grasslands (Fulton, 1952). Some individuals are also heard in open areas of woodlands, usually in the vicinity of grassy fields (S. Hall, pers. obs.)...Probably omnivorous...Most easily found by song, which males produce both day and night...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands[G5] [S5]Appears to be widespread in the Piedmont and associated with common types of habitat; appears to be secure within the state...
Neoconocephalus triops
Broad-Tipped Conehead
checklist_number: 225.0
............GNR S5...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Neonemobius palustris
Sphagnum Ground Cricket
checklist_number: 148.0
One of six species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2017), three of which have been recorded in North CarolinaThe smallest of our ground crickets. Blatchley (1900) described it as pitch-brown in color over its entire body, although Hebard (1913) noted that some populations are a lighter clove brown and descri...Blatchley (1900) described its habitat in northern Indiana as dense, damp patches of sphagnum moss within tamarack swamps and cranberry bogs. In North Carolina, our records appear to come primarily fr...Possibly stenophagous. Fulton (1931) reported that palustris did well in captivity feeding solely on Sphagnum, and its tight association with sphagnum bogs suggests a high degree of coevolution with t...The song is high pitched and fairly weak, making it difficult for at least some people to detect in the field. However, individuals are reported to be easily flushed by pressing down on sphagnum mats,...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands[GNR] [SU]This species is one of the most habitat-specialized of any of our Orthoptera. Sphagnum-bogs and related habitats are also fairly narrowly distributed, and the apparent lack of flight in this species l...
Allonemobius allardi
Allard's Ground Cricket
checklist_number: 135.0
One of ten species in this genus, all of which occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2017). Eight species have been recorded in North Carolina.A red-brown to blackish ground cricket (Alexander and Thomas, 1959). The head is brown with two to three darker stripes, which are usually not contrasting, particularly at the rear of the head, but fo...Allonemobius allardi inhabits well-drained grassy and weedy habitats, including "lawns, pastures, fields, and roadsides" (Alexander and Thomas, 1959). It often occurs with A. walkeri, but tinnulus is ...Probably omnivorous...Mostly easily detected by its song, which is given both day and night. ...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsGNR [SU]There are still too few records for this species in North Carolina to determine its distribution and conservation status. Records from the Piedmont need to be verified based on spectrograms or, prefer...
Paxilla obesa
Obese Pygmy Grasshopper
checklist_number: 95.0
...Rehn and Hebard (1915) described obesa as "restricted to low, blackish, water-soaked ground covered with low bog plants (sun-dews, pitcher plants, etc.), in pine woods (long-leaf pine at all of the lo.........[GNR] SHAll of our records for this species appear to be more than 100 years old and were few in number to begin with. Rehn and Hebard (1915) found it as far north as New Bern but the majority of the records ...
Allonemobius fultoni
Fulton's Ground Cricket
checklist_number: 136.0
One of ten species in this genus, all of which occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2017). Eight species have been recorded in North Carolina.According to Howard and Furth (1986), Allonemobius fultoni is essentially identical in terms of markings to both A. allardi and walkeri. The head is darker than in socius/fasciatus but the stripes at ...Fulton's Ground Crickets are associated with wet grassy areas, including open marshes or under deep shade (Howard and Furth, 1986). In the Coastal Plain, we have recorded this species under shrub cove...Probably omnivorous...Mostly easily detected and identified by its song...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands[GNR] [SU]This species was considered rare by Howard and Furth (1986), who had collected it only at two sites in New Jersey and one in North Carolina; Walker (2017) shows only three additional sites, in Georgia...
Allonemobius walkeri
Walker's Ground Cricket
checklist_number: 143.0
One of ten species in this genus, all of which occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2017). Eight species have been recorded in North Carolina.A red-brown to blackish ground cricket (following Alexnder and Thomas's description of allardi). The head is brown with two to three darker stripes, which are usually not contrasting, particularly at ...According to Howard and Furth (1986), A. walkeri inhabits dry grassy fields and pastures, nearly always co-occurring with A. allardi, at least where their geographic ranges overlap. Records from North...Probably omnivorous...Most easily detected by its song...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands[GNR] [SU]Although this species appears to be associated with common types of habitats, it was considered rare by Howard and Furth (1986). Not enough is yet known about its distribution, abundance, and habitat ...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Cycloptilum pigrum
Reluctant Scaly Cricket
checklist_number: 129.0
One of sixteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Love and Walker, 1979), four of which have been recorded in North Carolina (not including pigrum). Cycloptilum pigrum belongs to the Bidens Complex of the Squamosum Species Group of Love and Walker (1979).A very small, mottled brown Scaly Cricket. The general color is light reddish brown but the scales are blackish or dark gray, producing a mottled appearance overall, especially in unworn individuals (...............
Oecanthus quadripunctatus
Four-Spotted Tree Cricket
checklist_number: 161.0
One of eighteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018), eight of which have been recorded in North Carolina...Fulton (1915) describes the habitat of quadripunctatus as "upland fields abounding in medium sized weeds such as aster, sweet clover, golden rod, ragweed, and especially the wild carrot or Queen Ann's.........G5 S5...
Oecanthus celerinictus
Fast-Calling Tree Cricket
checklist_number: 154.0
One of eighteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018), eight of which have been recorded in North CarolinaA small, pale yellow-green tree cricket. Coloration and outward appearance are very similar to O. quadripunctatus, although the black markings on the basal segment of the antennae are distinctive: acc...Walker (1963) describes the habitat of this species as consisting of forbs and brambles growing in old fields and other open situations, often in drier habitats than other species in the nigricornis g...Omnivorous (Fulton, 1915)......[GNR] SU...
Syrbula admirabilis
Handsome Grasshopper
checklist_number: 9.0
One of three species in this genus, two of which occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018) and only admirablis occurring in our areaA medium-sized to large, sexually dimorphic, Slant-faced Grasshopper, one of our most strikingly marked species. In males, the head and thorax are predominately brown or chestnut and streaked with pal...Virtually all accounts of the habitats used by this species describe them as dry upland grasslands, often on poor soils and sparse vegetation (Morse, 1904; Rehn and Hebard, 1910; Blatchley, 1920; Otte...In the Prairie region, S. admirablis feeds mainly or exclusively on grasses, including a fairly wide range of genera and species (Brust et al., 2014)...Best found by walking through its habitat and flushing individuals into making short jumps. Males usually escape by flying but females are less likely to fly and try to escape along the ground (Otte, ...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG5 S4In North Carolina, this species appears to be most common in wet Longleaf Pine habitats, which have been greatly reduced since European settlement. It has also been recorded over most of the rest of t...
Allonemobius socius
Southern Ground Cricket
checklist_number: 140.0
One of ten species in this genus, all of which occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2017). Eight species have been recorded in North Carolina.A small, blackish to reddish-brown ground cricket. Currently separable from fasciatus -- which has not been documented in North Carolina (Howard and Waring, 1991) -- solely through use of electrophore...Associated with open, wet grassy areas, including early successional habitats dominated by Crabgrass and pond borders dominated by wetland graminoids; Fulton (1931) also reported it as occurring in la...Probably omnivorous...One of the most easily observed ground crickets due to their high population densities and occurrence in open, low grass habitats. Songs are easily detected....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands[GNR] S5Widespread, abundant, and associated with common habitats, including human-maintained grasslands. Appears to be very secure in North Carolina. ...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Scudderia texensis
Texas Bush Katydid
checklist_number: 245.0
One of seven species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), six of which have been recorded in North Carolina............GNR S4S5...
Scudderia furcata
Fork-Tailed Bush Katydid
checklist_number: 243.0
One of seven species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), six of which have been recorded in North Carolina............G5 S5...
Scudderia curvicauda
Curve-Tailed Bush Katydid
checklist_number: 240.0
One of seven species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), six of which have been recorded in North Carolina............G5 S3S4...
Scudderia cuneata
Southeastern Bush Katydid
checklist_number: 239.0
One of seven species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), six of which have been recorded in North Carolina............[GNR] S3S4...
Oecanthus latipennis
Broad-Winged Tree Cricket
checklist_number: 157.0
One of eighteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018), eight of which have been recorded in North Carolina...Latipennis is usually associated with low shrubby or weedy vegetation. Fulton (1915) observed it weedy places, including flower beds and shrubs growing around buildings. Walker (1963) describes it as.........GNR S4S5...