Orthoptera of North Carolina
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Conocephalus saltans
Prairie Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 197.0
One of nineteen species in this large worldwide genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018; Cigliano et al., 2018); ten have been recorded in North CarolinaA small, reddish-brown to bluish-green, short-winged Lesser Meadow Katydid. The typical form is dull reddish-brown. The face is marked with a dark stripe or blotch and a wide stripe of brown runs from...Blatchley (1920) described this species as xerophilous, associated with dry upland prairies and sandy barrens. Populations have been found in association with Andropogon and other dry bunch-grasses, N......Best found by flushing individuals by walking through their habitat...G5 S2S3More surveys are needed to document the conservation status of this species in North Carolina. However, apart from a single recent record, this species has not been collected in the state since the 19...
Paratylotropidia beutenmuelleri
Beutenm├╝ller's Locust
checklist_number: 22.0
............G4 SH...
Campylacantha olivacea
Fuzzy Olive-green Grasshopper
checklist_number: 276.0
Two species are currently recognized in this genus, both of which occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., accessed 2021-10-05). Only olivacea occurs in the eastern United States, where it is primarily a relict species.This species is typically bright olive-green but can be occasionally pale brown or dark fuscous (Blatchely, 1920). A dark green line exists on the vertex of the head and the antennae have white annuli...In the East, this species appears to be associated with prairies, sandhills, grassy dunes, and probably other herb-dominated habitats associated with dry, sandy or clay-rich soils....In the Black Belt Prairies of Mississippi, this species has only been collected in patches of western ragweed, Ambrosia psilostachya (Hill, 2007). Blatchley (1920) cites Bruner for records from......G5 S1S3This is a Southwestern species that has been recorded at only a few sites in the Southeast. Only two populations has been documented in North Carolina, with the next known occurrences located in weste...
Melanoplus keeleri keeleri
Keeler's Locust
checklist_number: 47.0
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina.A medium-sized, long-winged grasshopper. Rehn and Hebard (1916) state "many of the specimens are very dark in general coloration, with the lighter areas of the caudal femora cinnamon color and very st...Habitats occupied by this species include the wetter range of Longleaf Pine associations, such as Wet Pine Savannas, Sandhill Seeps, and Bean Dips. .........G5 [S4S5]...
Microcentrum retinerve
Lesser Angle-Wing
checklist_number: 235.0
Both of our species of Microcentrum are excellent leaf-mimics and are very similar in appearance. Microcentrum retinerve is generally a paler shade of green than the dark leaf-green characteristic of ............[GNR] S5...
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Neonemobius variegatus
Variegated Ground Cricket
checklist_number: 149.0
One of six species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2017), three of which have been recorded in North CarolinaHebard (1913) describes the general color as clay yellow mottled or flecked with mummy brown. The head below the antennae is distinctively shining dark brown, but the occiput is cinnamon, mottled wit...Fulton (1931) describes the habitat as consisting of stream borders, particularly on somewhat open gravel bars. ...Probably omnivorous......Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsGNR SHS3We have very few records for this species and there is comparatively little information in the literature. The habitat of this species, however, is widespread and it has probably been generally overlo...
Neonemobius palustris
Sphagnum Ground Cricket
checklist_number: 148.0
One of six species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2017), three of which have been recorded in North CarolinaThe smallest of our ground crickets. Blatchley (1900) described it as pitch-brown in color over its entire body, although Hebard (1913) noted that some populations are a lighter clove brown and descri...Blatchley (1900) described its habitat in northern Indiana as dense, damp patches of sphagnum moss within tamarack swamps and cranberry bogs. In North Carolina, our records appear to come primarily fr...Possibly stenophagous. Fulton (1931) reported that palustris did well in captivity feeding solely on Sphagnum, and its tight association with sphagnum bogs suggests a high degree of coevolution with t...The song is high pitched and fairly weak, making it difficult for at least some people to detect in the field. However, individuals are reported to be easily flushed by pressing down on sphagnum mats,...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands[GNR] [SU]This species is one of the most habitat-specialized of any of our Orthoptera. Sphagnum-bogs and related habitats are also fairly narrowly distributed, and the apparent lack of flight in this species l...
Cyrtoxipha columbiana
Columbian Trig
checklist_number: 172.0
One of four species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018), and the only one that has been recorded in North CarolinaA very small, pale yellow-green Trig. The color of the head, body, legs, and wings are pale lime green to yellow green; the eyes are often red or yellow (Caudell, 1907, said they were black). The ovip...This species inhabits small to large deciduous trees and shrubs, with habitats including peach orchards as well as mature hardwood forests. Elliott and Hershberger (2007) noted a preference -- at leas...Apparently undescribed but probably omnivorous...Mostly easily detected by its song, which is usually performed up in the trees out of reach. Elliott and Hershberger (2007) state that they can be collected by shaking the trees where they are present...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands[GNR] [S5?]Although we still have too few records for this species in North Carolina -- probably reflecting the difficulty in collecting specimens -- they do not appear to be specialized in terms of habitats or ...
Pictonemobius hubbelli
Hubbell's Ground Cricket
checklist_number: 152.0
One of four species in this genus, all of which are endemic to southeastern North America (Gross et al., 1989; Cigliano et al., accessed 2021-10-10). As many as two species may occur in North Carolina; the other two are primarily or exclusively Floridian.As in other members of this genus, a distinctive pale stripe exists between the eyes on the frons. This species may be superficially indistinguishable from ambitiosus (see key in Gross et al., 1989), ...The habitat described for this species by Gross et al. (1989) consists of open pine and oak woodlands, including grass tussocks next to pond edges in such habitats. Our record from Moore County comes ...Probably omnivorous...Males sing primarily during the day and are most easily detected by their songs (Gross et al., 1989)...[GNR] S1S3Only one population has been documented in North Carolina. More information is needed to confirm its identity and distribution within the state, but it is likely to be confined to xeric sandhill scrub...
Pictonemobius ambitiosus
Ambitious Ground Cricket
checklist_number: 279.0
One of four species in this genus, all of which are confined to southeastern North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). While one member of this genus has been recorded in North Carolina, it is not clear which species it represents (Gross et al., 1989).A small, reddish-brown ground cricket. Members of this genus are distinguished by their facial markings: the face is shining black, with a narrow pale stripe between the eyes (Hebard, 1913). The verte...Most of the species in this genus are associated with dry, open, oak woodlands growing on sandhills. At least some populations of ambitiosus in South Carolina, occur in river bottomlands or stands of...Probably omnivorous...Males sing primarily during the day and are most easily detected by their songs...[GNR] S1S3Members of this genus have been rarely collected even in South Carolina and the only records we have from North Carolina are the ones collected by Fulton in the 1930s. Although more needs to be learne...
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Orocharis saltator
Jumping Bush Cricket
checklist_number: 126.0
One of five species in this primarily neotropical genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Walker, 1969). Only two occur in North Carolina; the other three are restricted to FloridaThe two species of Orocharis in our area are morphologically indistinguishable (Walker, 1969). Both are medium sized, brown bush crickets with long, oval-shaped tegmina that beyond the end of the abdo...In areas where the two species of Orocharis are sympatric, Walker (1969) noted that saltator appeared to be more common in mesic or hydric woodlands and luteolira in drier, more open and well-drained ...Polyphagous feeder on vegetation. Himmelman (2009) states that saltator feeds primarily on foliage, flowers, and fruits...Males are easily heard but hard to see. Both sexes come to bait at night....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsGNR [S5]Widespread within the state and associated with a wide range of wooded habitats, including residential neighborhoods. This species appears to be quite secure within the state....
Orocharis luteolira
False Jumping Bush Cricket
checklist_number: 125.0
One of five species in this primarily neotropical genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Walker, 1969). Only two occur in North Carolina; the other three are restricted to FloridaThe two species of Orocharis in our area are morphologically indistinguishable (Walker, 1969). Both are medium sized, brown bush crickets with long, oval-shaped tegmina that beyond the end of the abdo...In areas where the two species of Orocharis are sympatric, Walker (1969) noted that saltator appeared to be more common in mesic or hydric woodlands and luteolira in drier, more open and well-drained ...Probably feeds primiarily on foliage, flowers, and fruit...Males are easy to hear but difficult to discover visually. Probably comes well to bait, as is true for saltator...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands[GNR S4S5]Probably occurs over most of the eastern third of the state and appears to occupy a wide range of woody habitats. Probably secure within the state....
Anaxipha rosamacula
Pink-spotted Trig
checklist_number: 275.0
One of thirteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2017); nine of which have been recorded in North Carolina. Based on analysis of mitochondrial DNA, rosamacula and litarena were placed in the Litarena Species Group by Walker and Funk (2014).Pink markings are evident in fresh specimens (Walker and Funk, 2014). ...The site where Hall and Sullivan recorded this species in Brunswick County, 6/27/18, consisted of Coastal Fringe Evergreen Forest; one male heard singing about one meter off the ground in a thicket of......Most easily detected by song...[GNR] SU...
Microcentrum rhombifolium
Greater Angle-Wing
checklist_number: 236.0
...Rehn and Hebard (1916) report collecting this species from grass, heavy undergrowth in pine forests, and in a Wax Myrtle on a barrier island. Fulton (1932) also said it uses both trees and shrubs in N.........GNR S4S5...
Neoconocephalus retusus
Round-Tipped Conehead
checklist_number: 223.0
...Fulton (1932) describes this species as found "usually in grass.".........GNR S4S5...
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Conocephalus strictus
Straight-Lanced Meadow Katydid
checklist_number: 200.0
One of nineteen species in this large worldwide genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2018; Cigliano et al., 2018); ten have been recorded in North CarolinaA small (large for the genus), short-winged Lesser Meadow Katydid with highly distinctive reproductive structures. ...Blatchley (1920) describes the habitat of this species as consisting of "dry upland meadows, open pastures, and prairies". .........GNR S5...
Neoconocephalus triops
Broad-Tipped Conehead
checklist_number: 225.0
...Fulton (1932) described a preference for vegetation consisting of tall grass, weeds, or bushes. We have also found them well back under closed-canopy forests..........GNR S5...
Neoconocephalus robustus
Robust Conehead
checklist_number: 224.0
...Fulton (1932) described the vegetation occupied by this species as consisting of "tall grass, weeds, or bushes." ............
Miogryllus verticalis
Eastern Striped Cricket
checklist_number: 122.0
One of twenty-two species in this genus, only two of which occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018); verticalis is the sole species in the EastA small, cricket with distinctive head markings. The head is large, globe-shaped, and shining black. Pale lines encircle the eyes and extend to the rear margin of the head; four short longitudinal pa...Reportedly occupies areas of sparse or short grasses in fairly dry uplands (Blatchley, 1920; Himmelman, 2009). Records from natural habitats include a stand of dry Coastal Fringe Evergreen Forest and ...Not recorded but probably omnivorous...Sings mostly at night (Fulton, 1932), but at least occasionally during the morning as late as 9:00 (S. Hall, pers. obs.). The songs are reportedly difficult to localize and individuals are difficult t...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsGNR S3S5We currently have few recent records for this species, but it occupies a wide range of habitats -- including disturbed areas -- and occurs over a fairly wide area of the state. For those reasons, we b...
Melanoplus confusus
Pasture Grasshopper
checklist_number: 34.0
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina.............G5 SH...
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Neoxabea bipunctata
Two-Spotted Tree Cricket
checklist_number: 162.0
...............
Hubbellia marginifera
Pine Katydid
checklist_number: 251.0
The sole member of its genus (Cigliano et al. Orthoptera Species File Online, accessed 2022-07-27) The body is a bright green, with a brown dorsal stripe bordered with white or pale yellow on the pronotum and by a stripe of similar color on the inner margin of the wing. The tegmina are also green, ...Strictly associated with pines, particularly Longleaf, Loblolly, and probably Pond Pine in North Carolina. ......Usually detected by its song, which is itself can be difficult to hear. Rarely seen at ground level although it can be attracted by bait painted on the tree trunks (Rehn, 1943; Hall, pers. obs.)....GNR S3S4Probably widepread and common in the eastern part of the state but its exact distribution and abundance need to be determined through systematic song surveys....
Eotettix pusillus
Little Eastern Grasshopper
checklist_number: 23.0
One of four species in this genus, all of which are restricted to southeastern North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). Only pusillus has been recorded in North Carolina.Eotettix are small, short-winged (flightless) grasshoppers. Adults are yellowish-green, with a dark stripe on the sides of the thorax and a series of black blotches along the upper sides of the abdome...Our records come mainlyy from wet savannas, sandhill seeps, or the ecotones between longleaf pine communities and pocosins. All are wet-to-mesic and maintained in an open herbaceous state by frequent ......Adults and nymphs are active during the day; the red-and-black nymphs are conspicuous...Listed as Significantly Rare in North Carolina by the Natural Heritage Program. It has no legal protection, however, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.G2G3 S2?This species is highly associated with wet savannas and sandhill seeps, both of which have greatly declined since Colonial settlement due to conversion to agriculture and silviculture. Since the 1950s...
Anurogryllus arboreus
Common Short-Tailed Cricket
checklist_number: 115.0
One of three species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Walker, 1973), and the only one that has been recorded in North CarolinaA small, pale brown cricket. The color of the head, body, and legs are a uniform yellowish-brown, with the wings a darker brown (Blatchley, 1920). This coloration is unique among our Gryllids, althoug...This species appears to prefer well-drained but moist soils, in which it digs extensive burrows (see Walker, 1973). However, the vegetation varies from closed-canopy hardwood forests to open pine-oak ...Herbivorous, feeding on forbs, including cultivated species such as cotton....Males sing only at night and for only about one half to two hours after dusk (Walker, 1973). They often call while perched low on trees trunks, a behavior for which Walker named them "arboreus"....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands[GNR] [SU]We have records -- all historic -- from a fairly wide area of the state. Since it also does not appear to be a habitat specialist, occurring in human-altered as well as natural habitats, this species ...
Eunemobius confusus
Confused Ground Cricket
checklist_number: 145.0
One of three species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2017), all three of which have been recorded in North CarolinaA glossy, pitch black ground cricket. The head, thorax, and tegmina are shiny blackish-brown, with the legs somewhat lighter brown. The bone-white palps of both sexes are highly characteristic (Hebar...In his description of the species, Blatchely (1903) mentioned that it was common in "low damp woods bordering Tippicanoe Lake". (Brimley (1908) also described the habitat of confusus as "damp places, ...Probably omnivorous...Most easily detected by its song....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands[GNR] S3S5We currently have too few records for this species to be sure of its status in North Carolina. While it seems likely to occur in hardwood forests across at least the Piedmont and low mountains, if it ...
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Eunemobius carolinus
Carolina Ground Cricket
checklist_number: 144.0
One of three species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2017), all three of which have been recorded in North CarolinaA small, yellowish-brown ground cricket. The pale palps serve to distinguish this species from all other of our ground crickets except for Eunemobius confusus and melodius. The palps of confusus are a...Fulton (1931) describes carolinus as occurring in a wide variety of habitats but usually where the soil moisture is fairly high. These include riparian, bottomland, and mesic hardwoods; marshes; and ...Probably omnivorous...Most easily detected by song. Comes at least occasionally to lights, especially macropterous forms....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsGNR [S5]Eunemobius carolina is one of our most widespread and most often encountered species. It occupies a wide range of habitats, including suburban areas, and seems to be fairly secure within the state....
Gryllus rubens
Southeastern Field Cricket
checklist_number: 119.0
One of eighteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Walker, 2017), six of which have been recorded in North Carolina.According to Scudder (1902), the head and body are shining black but with the pronotum marked with reddish along the front and hind borders and along the edges of the lateral lobes. The tegmina are te...Fields and grasslands (Fulton, 1952). Some individuals are also heard in open areas of woodlands, usually in the vicinity of grassy fields (S. Hall, pers. obs.)...Probably omnivorous...Most easily found by song, which males produce both day and night...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands[G5] [S5]Appears to be widespread in the Piedmont and associated with common types of habitat; appears to be secure within the state...
Anaxipha vernalis
Spring Trig
checklist_number: 171.0
One of thirteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2017); nine have been recorded in North Carolina. Vernalis belongs to the Delicatula Species Group, of which declicatula is the only other member.A very small, brown Trig. Unlike most members of the Exigua Group, it lacks a stripe on the lateral face of the femur (Walker and Funk, 2014). Structural features -- particularly the number of pegs on...Fulton (1956) describes the habitat as primarily fresh-water marshes and stream borders, especially with thick herbaceous growth, including both Lizardtail and tall wetland graminoids. We also have re...Apparently unrecorded; possibly omnivorous...Singing males are most easily detected both day and night. They may also be captured using sweep netting, although Walker and Funk (2014) state that this species is particularly difficult to capture....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands[GNR] [S4?]We currently have records for this species from just a small number of counties, with most of those being historic. However, it appears to occupy common types of habitats and is likely to be found thr...
Melanoplus propinquus
Southern Red-legged Melanoplus
checklist_number: 56.0
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina. Along with M. sanguinipes and femurrubrum, M. propinquus belongs to the Sanguinipes Species Group (Cigliano et al., 2017).Grayish-brown with a red hind-tibia; the underside of hind femur is also shaded with red. Similar in overall appearance to M. sanguinipes and femurrubrum, although duller and less yellowish than the l............G5 S3S4...
Allonemobius walkeri
Walker's Ground Cricket
checklist_number: 143.0
One of ten species in this genus, all of which occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2017). Eight species have been recorded in North Carolina.A red-brown to blackish ground cricket (following Alexnder and Thomas's description of allardi). The head is brown with two to three darker stripes, which are usually not contrasting, particularly at ...According to Howard and Furth (1986), A. walkeri inhabits dry grassy fields and pastures, nearly always co-occurring with A. allardi, at least where their geographic ranges overlap. Records from North...Probably omnivorous...Most easily detected by its song...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands[GNR] S3S4Although this species appears to be associated with common types of habitats, it was considered rare by Howard and Furth (1986). Not enough is yet known about its distribution, abundance, and habitat ...
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Orchelimum minor
Lesser Pine Katydid
checklist_number: 210.0
One of nineteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018), thirteen of which have been recorded in North Carolina............[GNR] S3S4...
Melanoplus strumosus
Swollen Spur-throat Grasshopper
checklist_number: 66.0
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina.............G4G5 S3S4...
Melanoplus sanguinipes atlanis
Lesser Migratory Locust
checklist_number: 61.0
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina. Along with M. propinquus and femurrubrum, M. sanguinipes belongs to the Sanguinipes Species Group (Cigiano et al., 2017).............G5 S5...
Neocurtilla hexadactyla
Northern Mole Cricket
checklist_number: 174.0
...Apart from observations of dispersing individuals seen at lights, our records come almost entirely from low, wet areas, including lake and river shorelines, Longleaf Pine Savannas and Sandhill Seeps, .........GNR S4S5...
Tetrix arenosa
Sanded Pygmy Grasshopper
checklist_number: 107.0
...Rehn and Hebard (1916) found this species on the sandy shoreline of Lake Waccamaw, on a sandy border of a bog, on wet clay bordering a small stream, and in dry, sandy upland areas. Our recent records .........G5 S3S4...
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Anaxipha exigua
Say's Trig
checklist_number: 165.0
One of thirteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2017); nine of which have been recorded in North Carolina. Exigua belongs to the Exigua Species Group, which also includes tinnula, thomasi, tinnulacita, and tinnulenta in North Carolina (Walker and Funk, 2014).A very small, brown Trig. Like other members of the exigua group, it possess a broad dark stripe on the lateral face of the femur (Walker and Funk, 2014). Structural features -- particularly the numbe...Fulton (1956) described the habitat of his trilling form of exigua (now recognized as true exigua) as consisting of deeply shaded mesic to wet forests, becoming most abundant in wet seeps dominated by...Apparently unrecorded; possibly omnivorous...Singing males are most easily detected but they may also be captured using sweep netting...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsGNR [S4S5]This species has been recorded over a fairly wide area of the state and occupies fairly common types of habitats. Consequently, it is probably secure in the state....
Anaxipha thomasi
Thomas's Trig
checklist_number: 167.0
One of thirteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (SINA, 2017); nine have been recorded in North Carolina. Thomasi belongs to the Exigua Species Group, which also includes exigua, tinnula, tinnulacita, and tinnulenta in North Carolina (Walker and Funk, 2014).A very small, brown Trig. Like other members of the Exigua group, it possess a broad dark stripe on the lateral face of the femur (Walker and Funk, 2014). Structural features -- particularly the numbe...This species appears to be particularly tied to pine forests (Walker and Funk, 2014) and our records come from stands dominated by Shortleaf Pine with some Scrub Pine also present. ...Apparently unrecorded; possibly omnivorous...Singing males are most easily detected but they may also be captured using sweep netting...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands[GNR] [SU]This recently described species is still too poorly known across its range to estimate either its global or state conservation status. Its occurrence in stands of upland pine forests suggests, however...
Melanoplus celatus
Secretive Short-wing Grasshopper
checklist_number: 32.0
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina.A small three-toned brachypterous (flightless) Melanoplus. The dorsal surface is dark brown, bordered below by a black post-ocular stripe that extends to the metazona, with a continuation onto the sid...Morse (1904b) describes finding this species "in shrubby undergrowth among pines on dry, stony soil"...Undescribed...Best found by walking through its habitat and flushing individuals into making short jumps...We recommend that this species be considered Significantly Rare by the Natural Heritage Program. That designation, however, does not confer any legal protection and insects in general are not covered by the state's Endangered and Threatened Wildlife Act. Permits are required to collect this species on state park lands, game lands, and other protected natural areasGU [SU]We have very few records for this species in North Carolina, especially well-verified records. All but one are historic, although the recent record from Transylvania County appears to significantly ex...
Cycloptilum tardum
Slow-chirp Scaly Cricket
checklist_number: 131.0
One of sixteen species in this genus that occur in North America north of Mexico (Love and Walker, 1979), four of which have been recorded in North Carolina. Cycloptilum tardum belongs to the Bidens Complex of the Squamosum Species Group of Love and Walker (1979).A very small, mottled brown Scaly Cricket. The general color is light reddish brown but the scales are blackish or dark gray, producing a mottled appearance overall, especially in unworn individuals (...Love and Walker (1979) describe the habitat as poorly drained and frequently burned, including flatwoods dominated by Slash Pine or Longleaf Pine and with a dense shrubby understory. Our one confirme...Unrecorded but probably omnivorous...Members of this species group live either on the ground or in dense ground cover and are hard to observe directly. Singing males are the easiest to detect and to identify. Spectrograms or waveforms sh...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands[GNR] [SU]This species is possibly a specialist on wet Longleaf Pine habitats, but we have too few documented records for this species -- especially given the uncertainty of all records for this species outside...
Melanoplus impudicus
Immodest Spur-throat Grasshopper
checklist_number: 45.0
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina.A medium-sized, brownish-yellow, long-winged grasshopper. The upper parts are grayish- to reddish-brown; the lower parts, including most of the abdomen, are yellow. The post-ocular dark stripe is vari...Rehn and Hebard (1916) found it in association with woodlands dominated by pines and dry oaks, including Blackjack. Blatchely (1920) describes its habitat as grassy areas within dry, open woodlands, i...Apparently not recorded...Probably best found by flushing it by walking through its habitat...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG4G5 SHThis species is generally considered sparsely distributed (Rehn and Hebard, 1916; Blatchley, 1920). Only a few historic records exist for North Carolina, all from prior to 1940. ...
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Pictonemobius ambitiosus complex
checklist_number: 150.0
One of four species in this genus, all of which are confined to southeastern North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). While one member of this genus has been recorded in North Carolina, it is not clear which species it represents (Gross et al., 1989).A small, reddish-brown ground cricket. Members of this genus are distinguished by their facial markings: the face is shining black, with a narrow pale stripe between the eyes (Hebard, 1913). The verte...Most of the species in this genus are associated with dry, open, oak woodlands growing on sandhills. At least some populations of ambitiosus in South Carolina, occur in river bottomlands or stands of...Probably omnivorous...Males sing primarily during the day and are most easily detected by their songs...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands[GNR] S1S3Members of this genus have been rarely collected even in South Carolina and the only records we have from North Carolina are the ones collected by Fulton in the 1930s. Although more needs to be learne...
Amblycorypha bartrami
Bartram's Round-Winged Katydid
checklist_number: 230.0
One of fourteen species in this genus that occur in North America (Cigliano et al., accessed 2021-10-09). Seven species have been recorded in North Carolina.Members of this species group cannot be distinguished by color, pattern, or structural features, with males told apart solely by song (Walker et al., 2003). Males lack the black spots on the pronotal ............GNR S2S3...
Amblycorypha arenicola
Sandhill Virtuoso Katydid
checklist_number: 229.0
One of fourteen species in this genus that occur in North America (Cigliano et al., accessed 2021-10-09). Seven species have been recorded in North Carolina.Males of the Uhleri Species Group are characterized by their possession of a pair of dark spots on the lateral carina of the pronotum (Walker, 2006). Arenicola and longinicta are probably indistinguis...Associated with xeric to mesic, fire-maintained sandhill scrub communities. Stands with xerophytic oaks may be preferred, although individuals can occasionally be found in herb-dominated sandhill comm......Probably most easily detected by the male songs....GNR S2S3...
Melanoplus bispinosus
Two-Spined Melanoplus
checklist_number: 29.0
Melanoplus is our largest genus of Orthopterans, with over 350 species occurring in North America (Cigliano et al., 2017). 38 species have been recorded in North Carolina.A medium-large, dark grayish to reddish, long-winged grasshopper. Scudder (1897) described the color as "cinereo-fuscous, more or less ferruginous." Our one specimen is fairly dark gray but with reddi...Our records comes from an open sandy area located on an abandoned gravel mine and from a sandy old field located at the end of an airport runway...Presumably grasses...Recorded by flushing it by walking through its habitat...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG4G5 [SU]This species is common in Texas and the southern Midwest (see range map prepared by Otte in Cigliano et al., 2016) but appears to have been discovered in the Southeast fairly recently. It was not rec...
Neoscapteriscus vicinus
Tawny Mole Cricket
checklist_number: 176.0
............[GNR] SNAIntroduced from South America...
sciNametaxonomic_commentsid_commentshabitatdietobservation_methodsstate_protectionNHP_ranksstatus_comments
Amblytropidia mysteca
Brown Winter Grasshopper
checklist_number: 8.0
The only member of this primarily Neotropical genus that occurs in North America north of Mexico (Otte, 1981; Cigliano et al., 2018)A medium-sized Slant-faced Grasshopper, whose yellow and brown shadings help it blend in with pine needles and oak leaf litter on the ground (Blatchley, 1920). The head and body are sometimes uniform ...The majority of our records come from Longleaf Pine habitats, including savannas, flatwoods, and sandhills. In the Uwharries several populations have been found in association with Piedmont Longleaf P...Apparently unrecorded...Best found by walking through its habitat and flushing individuals into making short jumps...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG5 [S4]This species appears to be most common in Longleaf Pine woodlands, which have undergone dramatic reduction since Colonial times. However, it is not restricted to those habitats and occurs over a fair...
Phyllopalpus pulchellus
Handsome Trig
checklist_number: 163.0
One of six species in this primarily Neotropical genus and the only one that occurs in the eastern United State (Cigliano et al., 2017)A small but strikingly marked Trig. The head and thorax are crimson red; the palps, antennal bases, sides of the tegmina, abdomen, and ovipositor are shining black; and the antennae and legs are pale...Occurs in both herbaceous vegetation fairly close to the ground to low shrubs and trees. Lowland and mesic habitats seem to be preferred but they can also be found upslope. They inhabit residential ne......More often heard than seen but active both day and night and can be spotted in low vegetation...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.GNR S5Common and widespread across the state. Appears to be quite secure....
Inscudderia walkeri
Eastern Cypress Katydid
checklist_number: 238.0
One of three species of this strictly North American genus (Cigliano et al., 2018), and the only one that occurs in North CarolinaA narrow-winged, long-legged, boldly patterned katydid. The head, thorax, and abdomen are dark green and marked with yellowish-green to whitish green streaks and spots, particularly along the sides of...Our records come primarily from stands of Bald Cypress growing in river swamps or old millponds. Our one Sandhills record comes from a stand of swamp forest containing Atlantic White Cedar but no Cypr...May be monophagous on Bald Cypress (Taxodium distichum); its possible use of Pond Cypress needs to be investigated...This species is well-camouflaged during the day and hard to find, but is easy to spot using flashlights on the tips of cypress branches after dark, where they are easy to collect (Hebard, 1925). This ...Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsGNR SUWe have very few records for this species, but that may be due to its excellent camouglage during the day and few, if any, attempts to survey this species after dark. More information is needed on its...
Atlanticus pachymerus
Southern Protean Shieldback
checklist_number: 250.0
Average body length: 24.4 mm, NC males (n=4); 24.0, NC females (n=7) (Rehn and Hebard, 1916b). Length of pronotum: 9.1, NC males; 10.1, NC females. Length of hind femur: 20.6, NC males; 22.8, NC femal...............
Mermiria bivittata
Two-striped Mermiria
checklist_number: 13.0
One of four species in this genus, all of which occur in North America north of Mexico (Cigliano et al., 2018); three species have been recorded in North CarolinaA large, slender, tan to yellowish-green Slant-faced Grasshopper, heavily streaked with dark brown. The dorsal surface of the pronotum is pale yellow, with only a narrow darkening along the mid-dorsal...Rehn (1919) describes the habitat of this species as "areas of rich, high grass, with or without intermingled weeds", ranging from maritime habitats, including tidal creeks, to uplands up to 2,000' in...Brust et al. (2014) states that bivittata is a grass-feeder, utlizing a wide range of species....Probably best found by flushing it by walking through its habitat. Males, in particular, are likely to fly long distances before landing....Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public landsG5 S2S3->[SH]We have very few records for this species, all of which are now very old. The habitats used in North Carolina are unclear and targeted surveys are needed to confirm that this species is still a reside...