Hoppers of North Carolina:
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CICADELLIDAE Members: NC Records

Eratoneura era - No Common Name



© Kyle Kittelberger

© Ken Childs- note extent of band at wing's edge

© Ken Childs- note coloration and pattern

© Kyle Kittelberger- color variation
Taxonomy
Family: CICADELLIDAESubfamily: TyphlocybinaeTribe: Erythroneurini
Taxonomic Author: (McAtee, 1920)
Identification
Online Photographs: BugGuide                                                                                  
Description: A pale yellowish species with a bold, distinctive but narrow reddish crossband that narrows basally (toward the wing edge). The shape of the crossband itself, and the extent of red, can vary among individuals; in some adults the red does not make it all the way to the wing edge, instead consisting of two pairs of red block-shaped patches connected to each other, while in other individuals the crossband can appear faded. The top of the head has two parallel orange submedial lines, often with a lateral branch (giving the appearance of ciruclar white spots on the vertex), and the midline is a pale oval-shaped mark. The pronotum has a "Y" or "V"-shaped yellowish mark, and the scutellum is yellow. The face and underside of the thorax are pale. There is a black spot on the costal margin of the wings, as well as a bold one on the inner margin of each wing tip. Adults are 2.8- 3.1 mm long. (3I)

For more images of this species, see: 3I.

Distribution in North Carolina
County Map: Clicking on a county returns the records for the species in that county.
Out of State Record(s)
Distribution: Eastern and central North America (3I)
Abundance: Recorded from several counties across the state, primarily in the Piedmont, where it can be locally common; possibly more abundant in the right habitat.
Seasonal Occurrence
Jan
Feb
Mar
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Habitats and Life History
Habitats: Has been found near mixed hardwood forest habitat.
Plant Associates: Hickories (Carya sp.): Swamp Hickory (C. glabra), Shagbark Hickory (C. ovata), Mockernut Hickory (C. tomentosa), C. leiodermis, among other plants (3I)
Behavior: Can be attracted at night with a light.
Comment: This species could potentially be confused with E. osborni: note the differences in the width of the red transverse band in both species. In osborni, the band is very broad (taking up the entire base of the wings) and reaches the wing edges; in era, the band in much narrower and usually does not reach the wing edges and, if it does, its usually a thin line.

Some color variations of E. era could also be confused with E. micheneri. While E. era typically has a red band transversing the wings, some individuals have an incomplete band restricted to the middle of the wings, formed out of red shapes. Note though that the red in these individuals is much larger than in micheneri, usually angled upwards and not in a cube shape; the smaller red mark on either side is also bigger in E. era and connected with the larger marks, giving the impression of a continuous red patch. This is not the case in E. micheneri, where the small and larger red marks are distinct from one another.

Status: Native
Global and State Rank:
See also Habitat Account for General Oak-Hickory Forests

Species Photo Gallery for Eratoneura era No Common Name

Photo by: Lior Carlson
Orange Co.
Comment:
Photo by: Vin Stanton
Buncombe Co.
Comment: semi-wooded residential neighborhood
Photo by: Ken Kneidel
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: 2.9 mm, came to UV light at night
Photo by: Ken Kneidel
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: 2.9 mm, came to UV light at night
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Transylvania Co.
Comment:
Photo by: R Emmitt
Orange Co.
Comment: unid_leafhopper
Photo by: R Emmitt
Orange Co.
Comment: unid_leafhopper
Photo by: Rob Van Epps
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: Attracted to UV light. Greenway in wooded area.
Photo by: Rob Van Epps
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: Attracted to UV light. Greenway in wooded area.
Photo by: B. Bockhahn
Iredell Co.
Comment:
Photo by: Ken Childs
Out Of State Co.
Comment:
Photo by: Ken Childs
Out Of State Co.
Comment:
Photo by: Ken Childs
Out Of State Co.
Comment:
Photo by: Rob Van Epps
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: Attracted to black light in woods.
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn, Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood, open forest near lake edge
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn, Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood, open forest near lake edge
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Attracted to Black Light
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn, Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood, open forest near lake edge
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger
Wake Co.
Comment: mixed hardwood forest habitat
Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Attracted to Black Light