Hoppers of North Carolina:
Spittlebugs, Leafhoppers, Treehoppers, and Planthoppers
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DELPHACIDAE Members: NC Records

Pissonotus binotatus - No Common Name



© Kyle Kittelberger- brachypter

© Kyle Kittelberger- brachypter

© Kyle Kittelberger- note face, antennal, and leg
patterns

© Kyle Kittelberger- macropter
Taxonomy
Family: DELPHACIDAESubfamily: Delphacinae
Taxonomic Author: Spooner, 1912
Identification
Online Photographs: BugGuide                                                                                  
Description: A variable species, ranging in color from bright orange to nearly black. For brachypterous individuals, the tips of the wings are white; otherwise, the body is mostly the same color. There is a black band across the clypeus on the face. The first antennal segment is black, and there is a black line across the front of the second antennal segment; there also black lines on the front of the legs. Macropterous individuals have clear wings but otherwise the same pattern and colors at brachypters. Adult brachypterous males are around 1.77 mm long, while females are around 2.36 mm; macropterous males are around 2.84 mm long while females are around 3.07 mm. (Bartlett, 2000)

For more images of specimens, see: UDEL.

Distribution in North Carolina
County Map: Clicking on a county returns the records for the species in that county.
Distribution: Eastern United States; also Bermuda (UDEL)
Abundance: A fairly common species, recorded across the state.
Seasonal Occurrence
Jan
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Mar
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Habitats and Life History
Habitats: Grassy areas
Plant Associates: Most easily found on Conyza canadensis (Canadian horseweed; especially in well-drained situations were the plant perpetuates, less often in fallow fields); also Eupatorium (thoroughwort) (Asteraceae) (UDEL)
Behavior:
Comment: Bartlett states: "Morgan and Beamer (1949: 132) noted, "The body color of this species varies greatly with the season in which they are collected. The summer forms are usually honey-colored and those taken during the winter or early spring are almost black." A long series collected in Bladen Co., NC, in September included both color morphs (for brachypters and macropters), with the lighter morph dominant." (Bartlett, 2000)

This species is very similar to P. delicatus and can only reliably be distinguished by genitalia. However, binotatus is the much more common and expected species in North Carolina, with delicatus more commonly found along the coast. Macropterous individuals of binotatus could also be confused with P. brunneus macrotpers. However, brunneus lacks the black line on the second antennal segment (segment is pale) and binotatus tends to be quite shiny while brunneus is more dull colored.

Status: Native
Global and State Rank:

Species Photo Gallery for Pissonotus binotatus No Common Name

Photo by: Paul Scharf
Warren Co.
Comment: Caught Sweeping
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Cumberland Co.
Comment: attracted at night with a light
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Cumberland Co.
Comment: attracted at night with a light
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn
Cumberland Co.
Comment: attracted at night with a light
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Paul Scharf
Beaufort Co.
Comment: grassy, brushy habitat in a pine dominated forest; 5 long-winged adults
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Paul Scharf
Beaufort Co.
Comment: grassy, brushy habitat in a pine dominated forest; 5 long-winged adults
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Paul Scharf
Beaufort Co.
Comment: grassy, brushy habitat in a pine dominated forest
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Paul Scharf
Beaufort Co.
Comment: grassy, brushy habitat in a pine dominated forest
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Paul Scharf
Beaufort Co.
Comment: grassy, brushy habitat in a pine dominated forest
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Paul Scharf
Beaufort Co.
Comment: grassy, brushy habitat in a pine dominated forest
Photo by: Kyle Kittelberger, Paul Scharf
Beaufort Co.
Comment: grassy, brushy habitat in a pine dominated forest