Hoppers of North Carolina:
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MEMBRACIDAE Members: NC Records

Enchenopa on-cercis - Undescribed Enchenopa on Redbud



© Mike Dunn- female

© Scott Bolick- female

© Scott Bolick- nymphs, note coloration

© Scott Bolick- nymph
Taxonomy
Family: MEMBRACIDAESubfamily: MembracinaeTribe: Membracini
Identification
Online Photographs: BugGuide                                                                                  
Description: A dark, blackish-brown species with two distinctive yellowish marks down the back. The wings are mostly concolorous with the rest of the body, with rufous-tinted tips. Sexes can be distinguished from one another by the length of the horn- in females, the horn is noticeably long and prominent, while in males the horn is much smaller, sometimes nothing more than a little nub. Egg masses are whitish in color, resembling raised shells on a stem. Nymphs are a grayish, reddish-brown color, with a small forward-facing horn and spines down the middle of the abdomen. See here for a nice depiction of the life cycle of nymphs of this genus.

For more pics of this species, see: BG.

Distribution in North Carolina
County Map: Clicking on a county returns the records for the species in that county.
Distribution: Eastern and central North America
Abundance: Locally common in the Piedmont where Redbud occurs, likely more abundant throughout the state.
Seasonal Occurrence
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Habitats and Life History
Habitats:
Plant Associates: Eastern Redbud (Cercis canadensis)
Behavior: Can be attracted at night with a light.
Comment: Recent studies have shown that there are a number of undescribed species within the Enchenopa binotata species complex, with each undescribed species feeding on a specific, different host plant. These host plants include Cercis (redbud), Juglans (walnut), and Viburnum. Adults of the various species cannot be distinguished from one another, so it is imperative to record the host plant that Enchenopa individuals are found on. Some nymphs of this complex are distinctive enough to be identified to species: see here.
Status: Native
Global and State Rank:

Species Photo Gallery for Enchenopa on-cercis Undescribed Enchenopa on Redbud

Photo by: Scott Bolick
Forsyth Co.
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Photo by: Scott Bolick
Forsyth Co.
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Photo by: Scott Bolick
Forsyth Co.
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Photo by: Scott Bolick
Guilford Co.
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Photo by: Scott Bolick
Guilford Co.
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Photo by: Scott Bolick
Guilford Co.
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Photo by: Scott Bolick
Guilford Co.
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Photo by: Scott Bolick
Guilford Co.
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Photo by: Scott Bolick
Forsyth Co.
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Photo by: Scott Bolick
Forsyth Co.
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Photo by: B. Bockhahn
Rockingham Co.
Comment: HARI - Nymph. Most likely undescribed species that feeds on redbud, may be split out in the future from binotata.
Photo by: Mike Dunn
Chatham Co.
Comment: underside of redbud leaf
Photo by: Scott Bolick
Forsyth Co.
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Photo by: Scott Bolick
Forsyth Co.
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Photo by: Scott Bolick
Forsyth Co.
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Photo by: B. Bockhahn
Rockingham Co.
Comment: HARI
Photo by: B. Bockhahn
Iredell Co.
Comment: LANO
Photo by: Mike Dunn
Chatham Co.
Comment: underside of redbud leaf