Moths of North Carolina
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Autosticha Members:
116 NC Records

Autosticha kyotensis (Matsumura, 1931) - Kyoto Moth (Introduced, Japan)


Taxonomy
Superfamily: Gelechioidea Family: PeleopodidaeSubfamily: AutostichinaeP3 Number: 420001.00 MONA Number: 1010.10
Species Status: Autosticha kyotensis is native to Japan and has become widespread in the southeastern US since its introduction.
Identification
Field Guide Descriptions: Online Photographs: MPG, BugGuide, iNaturalist, Google, BAMONA, GBIF, BOLDTechnical Description, Adults: Ueda (1997)                                                                                 
Adult Markings: The following is based on the description by Ueda (1997). The head is grayish buff and the individual scales are tipped with pale fuscous. The antenna is yellowish ocherous with narrow pale fuscous annulations. The labial palp is yellowish ocherous and the second segment is strongly speckled with fuscous. The third segment is largely unmarked. The thorax and forewing are ocherous, and the tips of individual scales are pale fuscous which produces a finely irrorated effect. There are two dark spots at about two-fifths the wing length. The outer (discal) is often larger than the inner. A second discal spot occurs at about three-fifths that is often faint and somewhat bilobed longitudinally. A series of 4-5 fuscous spots occur along the termen and continue parallel to the costa to about the apical fifth. A diffuse fuscous spot or dusting of dark scales is sometimes evident just anterior to the tornus. The cilia are ocherous with a fuscous sub-basal shade. The hindwing is pale shining brownish gray, and the abdomen grayish buff. The legs are yellowish ocherous and strongly speckled with pale fuscous.

This species closely resembles Glyphidocera dimorphella and G. septentrionella, but these species tend to have a lighter background coloration with scattered darker specks, versus a straw color and a more uniformly fine-grained pattern for Autosticha. The pair of anterior spots on Glyphidocera slant diagonally, with the inner spot more anterior. Those of Autosticha do not and are about the same distance from a reference point such as the wing base. Finally, the thorax and forewings of Autosticha tend to have a finely roughened texture, while those of G. dimorphella and G. septentrionella are smoother with a somewhat shiny appearance. Autosticha kyotensis also closely resembles a third species, G. juniperella, but has a much more distinct line of relatively large terminal spots.
Forewing Length: 6.1-8.3 mm (Ueda, 1997).
Adult Structural Features: Ueda (1997) has detailed descriptions and illustrations of the genitalia.
Structural photos
Adult ID Requirements: Identifiable from good quality photos of unworn specimens.
Immatures and Development: Very little is known about the larval life history.
Distribution in North Carolina
Distribution: Autosticha kyotensis is widespread in the southeastern US and vicinity. It occurs from southern Maryland and Virginia southward to Florida and westward to western Arkansas and central Texas. A few scattered populations occur farther north. All of our records are from the Piedmont and Coastal Plain.
County Map: Clicking on a county returns the records for the species in that county.
Flight Dates:
 High Mountains (HM) ‚Č• 4,000 ft.
 Low Mountains (LM) < 4,000 ft.
 Piedmont (Pd)
 Coastal Plain (CP)

Click on graph to enlarge
Flight Comments: Adults are most active during the warmer months of the year. As of 2020, our records extend from May through mid-November.
Habitats and Life History
Habitats: The hosts plants in the US are unknown. Most of our records are from residential neighborhoods.
Larval Host Plants: This species uses Deodar Cedar (Cedrus deodora) and Japanese Apricot (Prunus mume) in Japan (Ueda, 1997). The hosts that are used in the US are unknown. - View
Observation Methods: The adults are attracted to lights.
Wikipedia
Status in North Carolina
Natural Heritage Program Status:
Natural Heritage Program Ranks: GNR SE
State Protection: Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.
Comments: This is an introduced species that does not merit protection.

 Photo Gallery for Autosticha kyotensis - Kyoto Moth (Introduced, Japan)

110 photos are available. Only the most recent 30 are shown.

Recorded by: David George on 2023-10-05
Durham Co.
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Recorded by: Lenny Lampel on 2023-08-17
Mecklenburg Co.
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Recorded by: Lenny Lampel on 2023-08-17
Mecklenburg Co.
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Recorded by: David George, John Petranka on 2023-08-05
Orange Co.
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Recorded by: Rob Van Epps on 2023-07-26
Mecklenburg Co.
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Recorded by: Michael P. Morales on 2023-07-22
Cumberland Co.
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Recorded by: Michael P. Morales on 2023-07-22
Cumberland Co.
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Recorded by: Owen McConnell on 2023-07-22
Durham Co.
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Recorded by: David George, Steve Hall, Stephen Dunn, Jeff Niznik, Rich Teper, Becky Watkins on 2023-07-22
Orange Co.
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Recorded by: David George, Stephen Dunn, Jeff Niznik on 2023-07-13
Orange Co.
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Recorded by: David George, Jeff Niznik on 2023-07-09
Orange Co.
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Recorded by: John Petranka, David George on 2023-07-07
Orange Co.
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Recorded by: R. Newman on 2023-06-18
Carteret Co.
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Recorded by: Jeff Niznik on 2023-06-17
New Hanover Co.
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Recorded by: David George, Jeff Niznik, Rich Teper, Erich Hofmann, Jesse Anderson on 2023-05-22
New Hanover Co.
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Recorded by: David George, Jeff Niznik, Rich Teper on 2023-05-21
New Hanover Co.
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Recorded by: Dean Furbish on 2023-05-05
Pender Co.
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Recorded by: Simpson Eason on 2022-10-10
Durham Co.
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Recorded by: John Petranka on 2022-09-21
Orange Co.
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Recorded by: David George on 2022-09-12
Durham Co.
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Recorded by: Jeff Niznik on 2022-08-20
New Hanover Co.
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Recorded by: David George, L. M. Carlson on 2022-07-11
Alamance Co.
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Recorded by: Gary Maness on 2022-07-11
Guilford Co.
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Recorded by: R. Newman on 2022-07-04
Carteret Co.
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Recorded by: Gary Maness on 2022-07-03
Guilford Co.
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Recorded by: Steve Hall on 2022-06-30
Durham Co.
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Recorded by: Gary Maness on 2022-06-21
Guilford Co.
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Recorded by: Gary Maness on 2022-06-11
Guilford Co.
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Recorded by: Dean Furbish on 2022-06-10
Wake Co.
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Recorded by: David George, L.M. Carlson, Becky Watkins on 2022-06-09
Orange Co.
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