Moths of North Carolina
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10 NC Records

Nemapogon clematella (Fabricius, 1781) - No Common Name


Taxonomy
Superfamily: Tineoidea Family: TineidaeSubfamily: NemapogoninaeTribe: [Nemapogonini]P3 Number: 300108.00 MONA Number: 263.50
Comments: Nemapogon is a genus with approximately 70 named species that reach their greatest diversity in the Old World. There are 17 described species in North America.
Identification
Field Guide Descriptions: Online Photographs: MPG; BugGuide; BAMONA.                                                                                 
Adult Markings: This is an easily recognizable Nemapogon. The ground color of the head, tufts, thorax, forewing, and cilia are white. A dark costal spot occurs just beyond the wing base. This is followed near the middle by a broad, black, angulated band that extends from the costa to the inner margin. The band consists of a squarish or rectangular component at the costa, then continues as a broad streak that broadens towards the inner margin. One or more small spots or blotches are sometimes present beyond the median band on the apical third of the wing.
Wingspan: 12-15 mm
Adult ID Requirements: Identifiable from good quality photos of unworn specimens.
Immatures and Development: The larvae burrow in the fruiting bodies of bracket fungi or other fungi, and in decaying wood under the bark of dead elm, oak, beech and hawthorn (Heath and Emmet, 1985; Jaworski et al., 2016). The larvae overwinter, and pupation takes places in the fungus or wood the following spring.
Distribution in North Carolina
Distribution:
County Map: Clicking on a county returns the records for the species in that county.
Flight Dates:
 High Mountains (HM) ≥ 4,000 ft.
 Low Mountains (LM) < 4,000 ft.
 Piedmont (Pd)
 Coastal Plain (CP)

Click on graph to enlarge
Habitats and Life History
Habitats: This species is generally associated with hardwood forests where is feeds on fungi in decaying wood.
Larval Host Plants: The larvae feed on fungi, including Hypoxylon fuscum and Fomes fomentarius. Larvae have been found mining in the fruiting bodies and growing under the bark of dead elm, oak, beech and hawthorn (Heath and Emmet, 1985; Jaworski et al., 2016).
Observation Methods: The adults occasionally visit lights. More information is needed on the larval ecology, and we encourage naturalists to check for the larvae on Fomes, Hypoxylon or other fungi on decaying hardwoods.
Wikipedia
Status in North Carolina
Natural Heritage Program Status:
Natural Heritage Program Ranks: GNR SU
State Protection: Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.
Comments: Populations are presumably more common than our limited records suggest since the adults do not appear to be strongly attracted to lights.

 Photo Gallery for Nemapogon clematella - No common name

Photos: 3

Recorded by: David George on 2021-06-12
Durham Co.
Comment:
Recorded by: Jim Petranka and Becky Elkin on 2020-06-28
Madison Co.
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Recorded by: Rob Van Epps on 2020-06-04
Mecklenburg Co.
Comment: