Moths of North Carolina
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24 NC Records

Ancylis platanana (Clemens, 1860) - No Common Name



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Taxonomy
Superfamily: Tortricoidea Family: TortricidaeSubfamily: OlethreutinaeTribe: EnarmoniiniP3 Number: 620658.00 MONA Number: 3370.00
Identification
Field Guide Descriptions: Beadle and Leckie (2012)Online Photographs: MPG, BugGuide, iNaturalist, Google, BAMONA, GBIF                                                                                 
Adult Markings: The following is based in part on the description by Forbes (1923). The ground color of the forewing and thorax is creamy white and overlain with rusty ochre. The base of the forewing is creamy white. From there, the creamy white coloration extends mostly onto the costal half of the wing to about one-half the wing length, where it meets a broad, rusty ochre band. The band originates on the costa and curves rearward before terminating just before the wing tip. At the base of the wing, the creamy white coloration on the dorsal half fades into rusty ochre at about one-fourth, where there is usually a well-developed, diffuse, rusty ochre patch. Ochre coloration continues to the apex where it is most concentrated on the apical third. Between the median costal band and rusty ochre blotch at the apex, there is a series of 5-6 light rusty ochre costal striae on a cream-white ground. These project rearward and tend to merge in the subapical region at about one-third the wing depth. Two or three heavy black dashes are often evident in the region adjoining where the costal striae merge.
Wingspan: 10 mm (Forbes, 1923)
Adult ID Requirements: Identifiable from good quality photos of unworn specimens.
Immatures and Development: Leininger et al. (1999) reported that the adults emerge from March to May and deposit eggs singly on the undersides of American Sycamore leaves. The eggs hatch in 3 to 5 days, and the young larvae initially feed along the leaf midrib. Older larvae pull the leaf over into a fold and feed for about 6 weeks until they pupate beneath the webbing in the folded leaf. The pupal stage lasts 9 to 11 days, and there are three to four generations per year. Overwintering occurs as pre-pupae in fallen leaves. The larvae are slender and pale yellow with smooth bodies. When fully grown they are 9 to 11 mm long. Early instar larvae that Jim Petranka observed in the field in Madison County construct elongated, tube-like, shelters on the undersides of American Sycamore leaves. The shelters are composed of silk, with frass and debris attached to the silk. A shelter typically begins at the base of the leaf and may extend for several centimeters. Larvae remain in their shelters when not feeding, and leave the shelters to skeletonize nearby leaf tissue. The shelters are constructed beneath a network of loose webbing that causes the leaf to buckle and fold with time to form a tentiform structure. With time, a significant portion of the leaf may become completely folded, at which point the larva feeds away from the shelters.
Distribution in North Carolina
Distribution:
County Map: Clicking on a county returns the records for the species in that county.
Flight Dates:
 High Mountains (HM) ≥ 4,000 ft.
 Low Mountains (LM) < 4,000 ft.
 Piedmont (Pd)
 Coastal Plain (CP)

Click on graph to enlarge
Immature Dates:
 High Mountains (HM) ≥ 4,000 ft.
 Low Mountains (LM) < 4,000 ft.
 Piedmont (Pd)
 Coastal Plain (CP)

Click on graph to enlarge
Habitats and Life History
Habitats: Based on the host plants, this species is probably strongly associated with riparian forests, including most types of Levee Forests and Alluvial Forests in the Piedmont and Mountains and Brownwater Levee Forests in the Coastal Plain. Our records include both reservoir shorelines and alluvial forests along Piedmont creeks.
Larval Host Plants: Ancylis platanana appears to be stenophagous on Platanus species (Brown et al., 2008). In North Carolina, this moth is probably monophagous on American Sycamore (Platanus occidentalis), which is our only native species in this genus. Robinson et al. (2010) reported at least one instance of the larvae feeding on an oak and a maple, but these may reflect misidentified specimens. Marquis et al. (2019) did not find any larvae feeding on oaks in their extensive survey of oak-feeding caterpillars in Missouri.
Wikipedia
See also Habitat Account for Rich Wet Hardwood Forests
Status in North Carolina
Natural Heritage Program Status:
Natural Heritage Program Ranks: GNR [S3S5]
State Protection: Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands
Comments:

 Photo Gallery for Ancylis platanana - No common name

32 photos are available. Only the most recent 30 are shown.

Recorded by: Gary Maness on 2022-07-04
Guilford Co.
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Recorded by: Gary Maness on 2022-07-04
Guilford Co.
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Recorded by: tom ward on 2022-05-11
Buncombe Co.
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Recorded by: tom ward on 2022-05-11
Buncombe Co.
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Recorded by: David George, L.M. Carlson, Becky Watkins on 2022-05-02
Durham Co.
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Recorded by: David George, L. M. Carlson on 2022-04-23
Orange Co.
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Recorded by: David George, L. M. Carlson on 2022-04-23
Orange Co.
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Recorded by: Simpson Eason on 2021-08-09
Durham Co.
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Recorded by: Jim Petranka on 2020-08-06
Madison Co.
Comment: A view of the underside of Platanus occidentalis with an elongated, tube-like, whitish protective shelter. Note the larva at the end of the tube.
Recorded by: Jim Petranka on 2020-08-06
Madison Co.
Comment: A view of the upper leaf surface of Platanus occidentalis. As larvae skeletonize the leaf from below, it causes the leaf to buckle, and to form a tentiform structure like the one seen here. See companion photo of the underside.
Recorded by: Jim Petranka on 2020-08-06
Madison Co.
Comment: A view of the underside of Platanus occidentalis with an elongated, whitish protective shelter. Note the darker, skeletonized leaf tissue that surrounds this.
Recorded by: Kyle Kittelberger on 2020-05-03
Wake Co.
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Recorded by: Kyle Kittelberger on 2020-05-03
Wake Co.
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Recorded by: Kyle Kittelberger on 2020-05-03
Wake Co.
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Recorded by: Gary Maness on 2019-07-03
Guilford Co.
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Recorded by: Gary Maness on 2019-07-03
Guilford Co.
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Recorded by: Jim Petranka and Becky Elkin on 2019-05-06
Madison Co.
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Recorded by: Jim Petranka and Becky Elkin on 2019-05-06
Madison Co.
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Recorded by: Gary Maness on 2019-05-03
Guilford Co.
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Recorded by: Gary Maness on 2019-05-03
Guilford Co.
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Recorded by: Gary Maness on 2019-05-03
Guilford Co.
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Recorded by: David L. Heavner on 2019-04-23
Buncombe Co.
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Recorded by: Stephen Hall on 2018-06-15
Orange Co.
Comment: Found resting on the underside of a Sycamore leaf
Recorded by: Harry Wilson on 2015-06-26
Wake Co.
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Recorded by: B. Bockhahn, P. Scharf, L. Amos on 2015-05-12
Warren Co.
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Recorded by: Kyle Kittelberger, Brian Bockhahn on 2014-09-01
Washington Co.
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Recorded by: Jackie Nelson / Doug Blatny on 2012-06-29
Ashe Co.
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Recorded by: Kyle Kittelberger on 2011-05-02
Wake Co.
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Recorded by: Lori Owenby on 2011-04-23
Catawba Co.
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Recorded by: T. DeSantis on 2010-06-25
Camden Co.
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