Moths of North Carolina
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116 NC Records

Macaria multilineata Packard, 1873 - Many-lined Angle


Taxonomy
Superfamily: Geometroidea Family: GeometridaeSubfamily: EnnominaeTribe: MacariiniP3 Number: 910772.00 MONA Number: 6353.00 MONA Synonym: Semiothisa multilineata
Comments: One of 25 species in this genus -- commonly known as Angles (as in angular, referring to the wing shape) -- that occur in North America; 17 have been reported from North Carolina
Species Status: Multilineata is included in the cedar-feeding multilineata species group by Ferguson (2008), of which only multilineata occurs in North Carolina (the other two occur in Bermuda and Jamaica, although the Bermudan species may now be extinct, the victim of an introduced scale insect that destroyed its host plant populations of Bermudan Cedar -- Ferguson, 2008)
Identification
Field Guide Descriptions: Covell (1984; as Semiothisa multilineata)Online Photographs: MPG, BugGuide, iNaturalist, Google, BAMONA, GBIFTechnical Description, Adults: Ferguson (2008)Technical Description, Immature Stages: Maier et al. (2013)                                                                                 
Adult Markings: A reddish-brown Angle that is prominently striped with multiple straight and parallel lines, on both pairs of wings and on both on the upper and lower surfaces of the wings. A few other Macaria also have fairly straight lines, e.g., fissinotata and aequiferaria, but not as many or as markedly parallel as in multilineata.
Adult Structural Features: Males possess foveae and antennae that are subpectinate (Ferguson, 2008).
Adult ID Requirements: Identifiable from good quality photos of unworn specimens.
Immatures and Development: Larvae have a greenish head and body with broken white subdorsal and spiracular stripes (Maier et al., 2013). They are similar to the larvae of Digrammia continuata, which also feed on cedars, but lack the reddish marks on the spiracles that are found in that species (Maier et al., 2013).
Larvae ID Requirements: Identifiable from good quality photos, especially where associated with known host plants.
Distribution in North Carolina
Distribution: As currently documented, multilineata ranges from the Blue Ridge Escarpment to the Outer Coastal Plain, but with records missing from the Barrier Islands and from the Mountains west of the escarpment.
County Map: Clicking on a county returns the records for the species in that county.
Flight Dates:
 High Mountains (HM) ≥ 4,000 ft.
 Low Mountains (LM) < 4,000 ft.
 Piedmont (Pd)
 Coastal Plain (CP)

Click on graph to enlarge
Flight Comments: Primarily a spring through summer species, with no clear indication that there are multiple broods in North Carolina.
Habitats and Life History
Habitats: Over most of the Coastal Plain, populations of multilineata are associated with Atlantic White Cedars, which occurs in peatland habitats, including both the large peat domes and peat-filled Carolina Bays in the Outer Coastal Plain and the smaller expanses of streamhead peatlands found in the Fall-line Sandhills. In the Piedmont and lower Mountains, populations are associated with Eastern Red Cedar, which occurs in both naturally occurring glades and open woodlands, particularly where substrates of mafic rock exist, but also with woodland edges, old fields, and other successional habitats. Although a number of surveys have been conducted on the North Carolina Barrier Islands, no populations of multilineata have yet been found in association with Southern Red Cedar, which is confined to tidewater habitats.
Larval Host Plants: Stenophagous, feeding on cedars, including Eastern Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana), Southern Red Cedar (J. silicicola), and Atlantic White Cedar (Chamaecyparis thyoides), all of which occur in North Carolina, as well as Northern White Cedar (Thuja occidentalis), which occurs outside our area (Wagner et al., 2001; Ferguson, 2008; Maier et al., 2013).
Observation Methods: Comes well to 15 watt blacklights but we do not have any records from either bait or flowers.
Wikipedia
See also Habitat Account for General Cedar Woodlands
Status in North Carolina
Natural Heritage Program Status:
Natural Heritage Program Ranks: G5 [S5]
State Protection: Has no legal protection, although permits are required to collect it on state parks and other public lands.
Comments: Populations associated with peatland habitats in the Coastal Plain are threatened by habitat drainage and conversion, direct commercial exploitation of Atlantic White Cedar, loss of wildfires that play a role in regenerating stands of White Cedar, and destruction of coastal peat domes by sea level rise and saltwater intrusion. Habitats used by this species in the Piedmont are not threatened, however, given that Eastern Red Cedar thrives in successeional habitats. In at least that region of the state, multilineata appears to be secure.

 Photo Gallery for Macaria multilineata - Many-lined Angle

Photos: 25

Recorded by: John Petranka on 2022-09-09
Alleghany Co.
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Recorded by: Chuck Smith on 2022-09-05
Davidson Co.
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Recorded by: John Petranka on 2022-09-01
Orange Co.
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Recorded by: David George, L. M. Carlson, Stephen Dunn on 2022-07-15
Orange Co.
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Recorded by: David George, L. M. Carlson on 2022-07-14
Orange Co.
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Recorded by: David George on 2022-07-03
Chatham Co.
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Recorded by: David L. Heavner on 2021-09-11
Chatham Co.
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Recorded by: Dean Furbish on 2021-09-04
Wake Co.
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Recorded by: Dean Furbish on 2021-06-09
Wake Co.
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Recorded by: Lior Carlson on 2020-07-25
Orange Co.
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Recorded by: Steve Hall on 2020-07-09
Orange Co.
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Recorded by: Lior Carlson on 2020-05-30
Orange Co.
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Recorded by: L. M. Carlson on 2019-08-10
Orange Co.
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Recorded by: Jim Petranka and Becky Elkin on 2018-06-02
Madison Co.
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Recorded by: Gary Maness on 2018-05-31
Guilford Co.
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Recorded by: Stephen Hall on 2015-07-09
Orange Co.
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Recorded by: B. Bockhahn, P. Scharf, L. Amos on 2015-05-12
Warren Co.
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Recorded by: Paul Scharf on 2015-05-11
Warren Co.
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Recorded by: Paul Scharf on 2015-04-28
Warren Co.
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Recorded by: Steve Hall on 2015-04-17
Orange Co.
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Recorded by: Darryl Willis on 2014-05-10
Cabarrus Co.
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Recorded by: Lenny Lampel on 2012-04-19
Mecklenburg Co.
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Recorded by: Kyle Kittelberger on 2011-05-10
Wake Co.
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Recorded by: Paul Scharf on 2010-05-30
Warren Co.
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Recorded by: Paul Scharf on 2010-05-03
Warren Co.
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